Tentative syllabus for:
Introduction to Linguistics 英語語言學概論
Fall 2015

Instructor:
Professor Karen Steffen Chung 史嘉琳老師
karchung@ntu.edu.tw
             

Class time and classroom: Wednesday, periods 3, 4, and 5, 10:20am to 1:10pm, in 普306

(with one five-minute break and one 15-minute lunch break;
try to bring your own lunch to eat outside the classroom - there's not enough time to go out to eat;
please avoid disposable packaging to reduce waste!)

Join the NTU Introduction to Linguistics page (REQUIRED):
https://www.facebook.com/groups/NTUling/

 

CET 大師開講 articles 1-18 on English pronunciation learning    Articles 19-24
Eight Lessons In Hanyu Pinyin 漢語拼音八講
Jimmy's table for IPA transcription of Mandarin
List of languages and linguists for 6-page paper Paper is due December 9!
How to check your English grammar BEFORE submitting any assignment:
    Using Google as a Usage Barometer, by Jerome C. Su.
    Also: 21. 大師開講 — 重方法不重死背的英文文法(下)(# 89) Subscribe here.
    

English linguistics glossaries
(please report any dead links)
English-Chinese linguistics glossaries
(please report any dead links)
SIL's Ethnologue
Some useful references on languages and history of linguistics

The LINGUIST List site: Subscribe to LINGUIST or LINGLITE, read LINGUIST online, or use LINGUIST resources
The Linguistic Society of Taiwan 台灣語言學學會,
    the Taiwan Linguist Discussion List 台灣語言學討論區, and
    the Student Committee, Linguistics Society of Taiwan (LST).
This relatively easy-to-read, open source book is available online as a supplement (pdf download):
      Linguistics for Dummies. (local pdf file) 2012. by Rose-Marie Dechaine; Strang Burton;
      Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson. Mississauga, Ontario, CA: Wiley.

Basic course information: This is a required two-semester course for 2nd year DFLL students and an elective course for students enrolled in the Neurological-Cognitive Studies Program 神經認知學程; 3 credits per semester; class is held once a week, Wednesday, periods 3, 4, and 5, 10:20am to 1:10pm, in Putong Classroom 普306.

Class meetings (17):  2015-16
September 2015: 16, 23, 30
October: 7, 14, 21, 28
November: 4, 11, 18, 25
December: 2, 9, 16, 23, 30
January 2016: 6

Last day of semester: Friday, January 8, 2016
Final exam: January 13, 2016

Textbook: Akmajian, Adrian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer & Robert M. Harnish. 2010. Linguistics, An Introduction to Language and Communication. 6th edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 630pp. Paper. Available through Tung Hua Books 東華書局. The books are available for purchase at the NTU Press Bookstore, downstairs from the Main Library.

Resources and requirements: Supplements to the textbook will be provided on the class website. All students will be expected to bring questions on the assigned reading to class, so finishing the reading before attending class is absolutely necessary, though we may do some reading aloud from the textbook in class. You will be assigned one or two CET 大師開講 articles (in Chinese) per week (24 issues total; free subscription required for issues 19-24); the content of these will come up in class often and will be included in the mid-term and final. Pop quizzes may be given at any time to test your understanding of the assigned reading. A written class- and self-evaluation shall be submitted near the end of the semester.

Written assignments:

     Selected exercises in the text
     Pinyin quizzes
     Mandarin IPA transcription exercise: Due October 21
     6-page paper: Due December 9
     You will receive extra credit if you read at least one chapter of a linguistics book of your choice (a few suggestions here; more in this recently updated list of Bedtime Readings in Linguistics) and submit a short written summary; you may read as many of these as you like. Books in Chinese are fine, too - have a look in the NTU main library and the Chinese linguistics section of 若水堂!

      A 6-page paper on (a) two languages (2 pages on each language, 1-1/2 spacing; the first language you will be assigned; the second will be chosen by you, but it must be genetically unrelated to the first); and (b) a comparison of the two languages (1 page); and (c) one linguist (1 page) will be required.
      A mid-term and final exam will be given.

Fall 2015
There will be a total of 17 class meetings plus a day for the final exam this semester.
We will cover the following chapters of the textbook in this order:

1. Chapter 1: What is linguistics?
2. Chapter 2: Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words
3. Chapter 3: Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription
4. Chapter 4: Phonology: The Study of Sound Structure
5. Chapter 7: Language Variation
6. Chapter 8: Language Change
7. Chapter 12: Language and the Brain
8. Appendix: The Written Representation of Language


     The textbook will be finished in Professor Gao Zhao-ming's 高照明老師 class next semester. Note that you MUST take Prof. Gao's section Spring semester to complete this course, because a different textbook will be used in the other section.

Spring 2016
Instructor: Prof. Gao Zhaoming 高照明老師
(Additional materials will be assigned)

1. Chapter 5: Syntax: The Study of Sentence Structure
2. Chapter 6: Semantics: The Study of Linguistic Meaning
3. Chapter 9: Pragmatics: The Study of Language Use and Communication
4. Chapter 10: Psychology of Language: Speech Production and Comprehension
5. Chapter 11: Language Acquisition in Children



Format for name on homework – in upper right hand corner, left justified:

    Iris Lin 林玉梅
    B01102000
    Introduction to Linguistics
    September 18, 2013  
Week One

    FONTS:
    Use Times New Roman 12 pt for text,
    Lucida Sans Unicode 10.5 pt for IPA symbols,
    新細明體 12 pt for Chinese.



    Watch your email format! Here is a sample showing you how it should be done.
    For more help with email, read Melissa Hsiung's article, 英文 E-mail 潛規則:
老 師怎麼不早點教我?!
    
Available by free subscription here.
     

Week-to-week class outline
(subject to CHANGE; new items will be added each week)


September 16:
1.    Music: Gambian/UK singer/griot and kora harp player Sona Jobarteh; official website;
       she sings in Mandinka. 1. Jarabi; 2. Sona Jobarteh Africa Festival
       We in Taiwan have our very own kora player! 林玉芬老師 Yu-fen Lin
2.    Introduction
3.    Make sure you have a textbook next class!
4.    Powerpoint/pdf presentation; and YouTube video: What is linguistics?
5.    TEDx talk by Patricia Kuhl: The linguistic genius of babies (Koro) (10:17)
6.    Book sharing: 1. Understanding the Chinese Language, by Chris Shei.
                              2. 趙元任文存. 孟曉妍選編. 南京: 江蘇人民出版社. 2015.
                              3. Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages,
                                  by Guy Deutscher.
       You can keep track of the books you read on Goodreads; see also the 2015 Goodreads Reading Challenge
7.    Sharing: Your language background and experience with language in 3 sentences

Assignments:
8.
  Reading: Akmajian: Chapter 1: "What Is Linguistics?";
      read entire chapter (p. 5-11) and bring questions to class next Wednesday;
      CHECK all the words you don't know, including the pronunciation!
      We will go over some of the material in class, but you need to come prepared!
9.   The Akmajian textbook is a relatively challenging one, so you are
      strongly encouraged to form study groups on your own to help each other
      work through and understand the chapters. You can consider assigning one
      section per person then having each person explain it to the rest of the group
      in turn when you meet. This is not required, but it could make things easier for everybody
      while enhancing your learning, and giving you the chance to discuss things with others.
10. Download, print out, and complete (with paper and pen!) this tutorial
      (even if you have done it before you will need to review):
      Eight Lessons In Hanyu Pinyin 漢語拼音八講

11. Pronunciation: The Echo Method: CET 1 and 2 (issues #69 and #70):
      提 升聽力祕訣: 每天請聽「回音」十分鐘(上、下)
12.  Productivity tool: Watch and try out The Pomodoro Technique.
      Online timer 1   Online timer 2   (or find your own!)


September 23:
1.    Music: Breton singer Denez Prigent: An Hini A Garan (Indo-European/Celtic/Brythonic;
       spoken in Brittany in NW France)
2.    Read and ask questions on: Akmajian, Chapter 1: "What Is Linguistics?"
3.    Begin Akmajian, Chapter 2: Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words
4.    Book sharing: Deutscher, Guy. 2005 The Unfolding of Language:
       An Evolutionary Tour of Mankind's Greatest Invention
.
       New York: Picador/Henry Holt.


Assignments:
5.    Read and take notes on: Akmajian, Chapter 2: Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words, p. 13-34.
6.    Make a list of the different ways of forming words, e.g. acronym, clipping, etc.
       Make sure you know the definition of each one and can give a few examples of each in English.
7.    Compare to Chinese: read this passage from Understanding the Chinese Language, by Chris Shei.
8.    Read: Steven Pinker. Words and Rules. The Ingredients of Language. 1999. New York: Perennial, 2000. 29-41
9.    CET articles to read and take notes on: CET 16 and 17 (issues #84 and #85):
       Do not 和 don’t意思一樣嗎?英語的縮讀字(上、下)



September 30:
1. Music: Sami singer Mari Boine; Sami languages (Uralic: spoken in Norway, Sweden, Finland, NW Russia)
2. Go over first part of Akmajian, chapter 2, p. 13-34.
3. Karen Chung's Putting Blends in their Place ppt. (Presentation at the Universals and Typology
    in Word-Formation Conference,
Košice, Slovakia, August 16-18, 2009.)
4. Hand in notes, including make-up notes from last week.

Assignments:
5. Read and take notes on: Akmajian, Chapter 2: Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words, p. 34-59.
6. Pronunciation: CET 8 (issue #76) "-s" 和 "-ed" 詞尾 怎麼唸?
7. Do these written exercises for Chapter Two: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 16. Due October 14.
8. First Pinyin quiz on October 7 - come prepared!

For reference:
9.   For reference: Ethnologue
10. For reference: Dictionary of Taiwan Sign Language


October 7:

1. Music: Altazor: Latin American Spanish (Indo-European/Ibero-Romance), but California-based.
2. Return work; hand in notes. Make sure you turn in all missing work!
3. Final check of class list, and assignment of Linguist and First Language for 6-page paper.
    Submit the name of the second language (which must be unrelated to the first)
    that you are reporting on in your 6-page paper to Ms. Chung by email
    BEFORE October 12! You must use at least two paper sources from the library!
    (i.e. Don't rely completely on Wikipedia!) You will receive more instructions on this next week.
4. First Pinyin quiz – come prepared! (Then review so you do better next time...)
    If you got a score below 90%, REVIEW the 漢語拼音八講 tutorial CAREFULLY.
    The next Pinyin quiz will be in the MIDTERM on November 18.
5. Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 2: Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words, p. 34-59.
    Bring questions!
6. Chinese reflexives, from Chung, Karen S., 2006. Mandarin Compound Verbs 漢語複合動詞.
    Taipei: Crane’s 2006, p. 43-45; cf. Akmajian, p. 55-56.

Assignments:
7. Do these written exercises for Chapter Two: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 16. Due October 14.
8. Read Akmajian, Chapter 3: Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription, p. 67-86.
9. Pronunciation: CET 5 (issue #73) 英語教學死角:複合名詞重音


October 14:
1.   Music: Georgian Voices: "Earth and Heaven" მიწა და ზეცა Mits'a da zetsa.
      Sung in Georgian (South Caucasian/Kartvelian);
      other major Geogian singing groups: Rustavi and Zedashe (Ms. Chung's teachers)
2.   Finalize choice of second language for 6-page paper; and make sure you have
      joined NTU Introduction to Linguistics on Facebook. Class absence policy.
3.   Go over and hand in answers to exercises for Chapter Two: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 16,
      plus these two questions:
      A. Give five examples each: (a) free morphemes, and (b) bound morphemes in Mandarin Chinese.
           (c) Is the distinction between the two always clear-cut?
      B. How do you determine what is and what is not a "word" in Chinese?

      Note that what the text calls "alphabetic abbreviations," we are calling "initialisms."
4.   Introduction to Phonetics:
      a. The Fantastic Voyage. See the vocal folds in action close up:
      http://www.ncvs.org/ncvs/tutorials/youngexp/fantasticvoyage.html
      b. Mid-sagittal view of the head, showing articulatory organs.
      c. IPA symbols for English
5.   Go over first part of Akmajian, Chapter 3: Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription, p. 67-86.
6.   Book sharing: Pinker, Steven. 2014. The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person's
      
Guide to Writing in the 21st Century. London: Allen Lane/Penguin. 359pp. Paper.
     
Assignments:
7.   Read second part of Akmajian, Chapter 3: Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription, p. 86-104.
8.   Practice circling stress and marking tonic stress (*) in phrases and compound nouns.
      Get some help from this Introduction to the IPA and text markup (ppt)
      and CET 5 (issue #73) 英語教學死角:複合名詞重音. Hand in with next week's notes.
9.   Summaries of CET articles: CET 6 (issue #74) 抑揚頓挫:英語的語調和斷句
      and 21. 重方法不重死背的英文文法(下)(# 89) Subscribe here.
      Also read this article in Chinese: Using Google as a Usage Barometer, by Jerome C. Su.
      Both this article and CET 21 will show you how to check your English grammar
      BEFORE submitting any assignment.       
10. Download and play around with Praat, a free and very popular phonetics software program.
       Record "My two boys know how to fish." in English and Chinese, print out the WAVEFORM
      (turn off the other modes, or the waveform will be too small to see clearly),
      and submit it with your notes and CET summaries.

      Try marking segments of the waveform and listen to each one, so you can hear
      each individual sound and match it to how it looks as a waveform.
      Note: We are now using Praat instead of WASP, since the WASP download link is not working.


October 21:

1. Music: Värttinä – Seleniko: Seelennikoi, Kyla vuotti uutta kuuta, Sulhassii; Aitara: Maamo;
    Finnish (Uralic/Finnic; spoken in Finland, Russia, Estonia, Sweden, Norway)
2. Submit class notes, notes on textbook reading (Akmajian p. 86-104); notes on CET 6 and 21,
    completed phrase and compound noun stress practice sheet, and Praat assignment.
3. Three tutorials on voicing, plosives, and VOT
4. Melissa Hsiung's How to transcribe English with IPA symbols (pdf);
    Chander Tseng's: 1. Introduction to the IPA and text markup (pptx);
    2. English consonants (pptx);
    3. IPA Vowels (pptx)
    How to transcribe Mandarin with IPA symbols:
    Jimmy's table for IPA transcription of Mandarin;
    print it out for use in class and in doing your homework.

5.
Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 3: Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription, p. 86-104.
6. Unmissable new pronunciation resource! youpronounce.it

Assignments:
7. Do these exercises for chapter 3, p. 104-107: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 13, 15. Due October 28.
8. Read first part of Akmajian, Chapter 4: The Study of Sound Structure, p. 109-126.
9. Pronunciation: CET 3 (issue #71) 提 升聽力祕訣: /i/ 和 // 的辨別
    and CET 7 (issue #75) Stop at stops! —— 遇到塞音請停!
10. 6-page paper: This week work on the phonetics and phonology of your two languages:
      take notes on each, and compare the two;
      and read the Wikipedia biography of your assigned linguist and take notes.


October 28:
1. Music: Urna Chahar-Tugchi 烏仁娜: Hödööd; 2, 3, 4, 5. Mongolian (Mongolic;
    some say it belongs to the Altaic phylum of languages, which also includes Turkic,
    Tungusic [e.g. Manchu], and possibly even Korean and Japanese)
2. Turn in notes, including on  CET 3 (issue #71) 提 升聽力祕訣: /i/ 和 // 的辨別
    and CET 7 (issue #75) Stop at stops! —— 遇到塞音請停!

3. Review English vowels; Chander's IPA Vowels;
    How to transcribe English with IPA symbols (pdf);
4. Go over and turn in these exercises for chapter 3: p. 104-107: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 13, 15.
5. Transcribing Mandarin Chinese into IPA:
    Jimmy's table for IPA transcription of Mandarin; use tone letters to indicate tones.
6. Go over the first part of Akmajian, Chapter 4: The Study of Sound Structure, p. 109-126.

Assignments:
7.  Read and take notes on CET 4 (issue #72) 「重音」真的很重要!
8.  Read and take notes on second part of Akmajian,
     Chapter 4: The Study of Sound Structure, p. 126-144.

9. Transcribe this passage from the 10/27/15 China Times online into IPA for next Wednesday:

    世界衛生組織(WHO)屬下的「國際癌症研究中心」(IARC)
    26日發布一項報告,將熱狗、香腸、火腿和漢堡等加工肉品,
    列為與香菸和石綿同級的第一級致癌物,可能引發大腸直腸癌,
    紅肉則被列為第二級A類(2A類)致癌物。

     http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20151027000368-260102 (中國時報 2015年10月27日)

10
. 6-page paper: This week work on the morphology (word formation) of your two languages:
      take notes on each, and compare the two;
      find some more sources on your assigned linguist, and take notes.

      Keep a good record of all the reference works you use. Check and follow MLA bibliographic format.

Book sharing/reference:
11. Chomsky, Noam & Morris Halle. 1968; 1991. The Sound Pattern of English. New York, Evanston &
      London: Harper & Row. 470pp.


November 4:
1. Music: Amal Murkus (Palestinian): Amal; La Ahada Yalam (No One Knows); Taalu (Come on Poet);
    
Hekaye; Hjar Foq Hjar; Hulum; Asfur; Dunia Lwan; Ya Ba La La.
    Arabic (Afro-Asiatic/Semitic/Central Semitic)
2. Questions on CET 4 (issue #72) 「重音」真的很重要!?
3. Mark IPA transcription of passage in Chinese. Hand in transcriptions and notes.
4. Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 4:
    The Study of Sound Structure, p. 126-144. Practice drawing feet over syllables.

     Pay special attention to both primary and secondary stress in English words.
     Remember that the leftmost syllable of a foot will always be stressed.

Assignments:
5. Reminders:
    a.
Mid-term is on November 18.
    b. Paper on two languages and one linguist is due on December 9.

6. Do these exercises for Akamajian, chapter 4, p. 144-146: 1 (see this page for help), 2, 6.
7. Read and take notes on: CET 18 (issue #86) 次重音:次要的重音還是很重要!
8. New chapter: Read and take notes on the first of part of Akmajian,
    Chapter 7: Language Variation, p. 273-291 (top).

9. 6-page paper: This week work on the syntax (grammar) of your two languages:
    take notes on each, and compare the two;
    also learn about the writing system/orthography of your two languages.
    When did your languages
first acquire writing? From where, and how?
    Did it have anything to do with political conquest, or with religion?
    Did either language ever change to a different writing system? Why?

    Keep a good record of all the reference works you use. Check and follow MLA bibliographic format.

    More on format of 6-page paper:
    See this page above September 16 for format of name and student number,
    to go in upper right-hand corner of p. 1.
    Center the title of your paper, in boldface type, at the top of p. 1 (don't add a separate title page):

Paper on Linguist: Otto Jespersen
Overview and comparison of: Estonian and Hmong

November 11:
1. Music: Jacques Brel (Belgian; French-speaking Flemish): Amsterdam; Le plat pays; Orly;
    Le diable: Ça va; Sur la place; Ne me quittes pas
    French: Indo-European/Italic/Romance/Western Romance/Oïl; spoken in 29 countries

2. Mark exercises for Akamajian, chapter 4, p. 144-146: 1 (see this page for help), 2, 6.
3. Finish correcting Mandarin IPA transcriptions.
4. Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 7: Language Variation, p. 273-291 (top).
5. Hand in notes on the first of part of Akmajian, Chapter 7: Language Variation,
    p. 273-291 (top)
, and notes on: CET 18 (issue #86) 次重音:次要的重音還是很重要!

6. Video: Ask or Ax?

Assignments:
7. Read and take notes on second part of Akmajian, Chapter 7: Language Variation, p. 291-306.
8. Do these exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 7: Language Variation: 1, 2 (use youpronounce.it), 4, 7, 8, 9.
9. Pronunciation: CET 11 (issue #79)
台式英語罪魁禍首:/æ////e/
10. Mid-term is next Wednesday, November 18.
11. 6-page paper: This week work on the countries where your two languages are spoken,
    number of speakers; major dialects, and other notable facts about the languages.
    Start writing up what you have so far into a relatively finished form, paying attention to
    format, spelling, grammar, and word choice. Check your grammar carefully using the tools
    mentioned in CET 22!

November 18:
1. Music: Sangpuy 盧皆興, Samingad 紀曉君, and Balikewas 陸森寶 (Puyuma 卑南) Dalan 路;
    Grand Creator 崇高的創造者;  Senay na vali 風之歌;   malikasaw 快樂搖擺; 2012出口音樂節;  
    Samingad 紀曉君 - Beautiful Rice Grains (美麗的稻穗)  version 2 sung by Balikewas 陸森寶;  
    Samingad 紀曉君 - 神話          Puyuma 卑南語: Austronesian (Formosan)
2. Mid-term exam, with Pinyin and IPA dictation quizzes.
3. Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 7: Language Variation, p. 291-306.
4. Hand in last week's and this week's notes, including notes on CET 11 (issue #79)
   
台式英語罪魁禍首:/æ////e/, and exercises.

Assignments:
5. We'll mark the exercises for ch. 7: 1, 2 (use youpronounce.it), 4, 7, 8, 9. next Wednesday (11/25)
6. Read and take notes on first part of Akmajian, Chapter 8: Language Change, p. 311-332 (top).
7. Pronunciation: CET 9 and 10 (issues #77 and 78) 鼻 音 /m/、/n/ 與 // —— No problen? (上、下)

8. 6-page paper: This week continue pulling together all the parts of your report into a coherent whole
    check your spelling, grammar and format carefully; finish work on
your bibliography,
    making sure you use correct MLA bibliographic format. See 11/4 for title format.

Videos, Books, Web pages:
9.   The news in Tok Pisin (print)    Radio news in Tok Pisin
10. The Gullah dialect
11. A Language without Numbers? with Daniel Everett Other videos: 1   2   3
12. Books: 1. Don't Sleep, There Are Snakes: Life and Language in the Amazonian Jungle, by Daniel L. Everett.
                  2. Languages: A Very Short Introduction, by Stephen R. Anderson. Very good discussion on the
                    difference between a language and a dialect.
                  3. Ax or Ask? The African American Guide to Better English, by Garrard McClendon   YouTube
                  4. Bastard Tongues: A Trailblazing Linguist Finds Clues to Our Common Humanity
                    in the World's Lowliest Languages, by Derek Bickerton.
                  5. Pidgin & Creole Languages, by Suzanne Romaine.
13.
Online language identifying game
14. FOXP2: A "language gene"?   The Disorder is not grammar or speech-specific: Geoffrey Pullum


November 25:
1. Music: More Austronesian languages this week, in Putumayo's "South Pacific Islands" CD:
    Iuliana by Te Vaka: Tokelau/Samoa/New Zealand;
    Mana Ma'Ohi by Matato'a: Rapa Nui/Easter Island); Abebe in Tolai by Telek: Papua New Guinea;
    Nengone Nodegu by OK! Ryos: New Caledonia; Haloa Olohega by Te Vaka;
    Watolea by Gurujele: New Caledonia; Co Era So by OK! Ryos; Nukukehe by Te Vaka;
    Wahine Whakairo by Whirimako Black: New Zealand.
2. Discussion of mid-term.
3. Mark exercises for ch. 7: 1, 2 (use youpronounce.it), 4, 7, 8, 9.
4. Hand in class notes, notes on text, and notes on CET 9 and 10 (issues #77 and 78)
     鼻音 /m/、/n/ 與 // —— No problen? (上、下)

5. Go over first part of Akmajian, Chapter 8: Language Change, p. 311-332 (top).

Assignments:
6. Read and take notes on Akmajian, Chapter 8: Language Change, p. 332-352 (top).
7. Pronunciation: CET 12 and CET 13 (issues #80 and #81)
英語發音百樂篇(一)、(二):
    Pronunciation Potluck (1) and (2)

8. Work on finalizing your 6-page paper: Carefully check for accuracy, coherence, relevance,
    spelling, grammar and format
; make sure you use correct MLA bibliographic format.
    See 11/4 for title format. Have a friend read it over for you and offer feedback. Due December 9.



December 2:

1. Music: Lena Platonos Λένα Πλάτωνος with Savina Yannatou Σαββίνα Γιαννάτου
    (Greek ελληνικά)     YouTube Mix   Aithousa Anamonis
    To Koperti    Mia Askete Fisikes Alete (spoken)
    Indo-European/Hellenic/Greek
2.
Hand in class notes, notes on text, and notes on CET 12 and CET 13 (issues #80 and #81)
    英語發音百樂篇 (一)、(二): Pronunciation Potluck (1) and (2)
. Ask questions
    about anything in the CET articles you're not sure of or would like examples of.
    Also hand in your corrected mid-term exam.
3. Go over second part of Akmajian, Chapter 8: Language Change, p. 332-352 (top).
4. Books: 1. The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, by Calvert Watkins.
                2. The Earliest English: An Introduction to Old English Language, by Chris McCully & Sharon Hilles.
                3. Word-Hoard: An Introduction to Old English Vocabulary, by Stephen A. Barney.
                4. From Old English to Standard English, by Dennis Freeborn.
5. Recite in class: Caedmon's Hymn (658-680 AD).
    Caedmon's Hymn reading 1 (West Saxon Anglo-Saxon)   Caedmon's Hymn reading 2.
    About Old English prosody and style

Assignments:
6. Finalize and finish your 6-page paper, to be submitted next Wednesday, December 9.
    Bibliography does NOT count in the six pages! Use MLA bibliographic format.
    Double and triple check your final version for content, language and format!
    Look just above entry for September 16 for format of name and student number,
    to go in upper right-hand corner of p. 1.
    Center the title of your paper, in boldface type, at the top of p. 1:

Paper on Linguist: Otto Jespersen
Overview and comparison of: Estonian and Hmong

7. Do all four of the exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 8: 1, 2 (check this online), 3, 4. For number 4.,
    the answers are: a. queen; b. ten; c. know; d. yoke; e. acre. Figure out how Grimm's Law
    accounts for the changes in the Proto-Indo-European form that led to the current forms
    of each of these English words.
8. Read and take notes on first part of Akmajian,
Chapter 12: Language and the Brain, p. 531-547 (top).
9. Pronunciation: CET 14 and CET 15 (issues #82 and #83)
英語發音百樂篇(三)、(四):
    Pronunciation Potluck (3) and (4)
.

10. Read and take notes on the chapter on "East Asian Linguistics" from the
     Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics, emailed to you on 12/2.
      Include in your notes for December 16.

11. Complete and hand in any missing homework!!


December 9:

1. Music: Australian aboriginal music with didgeridoo; song with didgeridoo.
    Wikipedia on Austalian aboriginal languages: "In the late 18th century,
    there were between 350 and 750 distinct Aboriginal social groupings,
    and a similar number of languages or dialects. At the start of the 21st century,
    fewer than 150 indigenous languages remain in daily use, and all except roughly 20
    are highly endangered." Warlpiri and Tiwi are two of the strongest surviving languages.
2. Hand in your 6-page paper!  
3. Mark the exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 8: postponed till next Wednesday, Dec. 16.
4. Hand in class notes, notes on text, and notes on CET 14 and CET 15 (issues #82 and #83)
    英語發音百樂篇(三)、(四): Pronunciation Potluck (3) and (4).
Ask questions
    about anything in the CET articles you're not sure of or would like examples of.
5. TED Talk: Jill Bolte Taylor: My stroke of insight
6. Go over the first part of Akmajian,
Chapter 12: Language and the Brain, p. 531-547 (top):
    postponed till next Wednesday, Dec. 16.


Videos, Books, Podcast, Web pages:
7. TED Talk: Jill Bolte Taylor: My stroke of insight
    My stroke of insight: A Brain Scientist's Personal Journey (book), by Jill Bolte Taylor.
8. One Hundred Names for Love (book), by Diane Ackerman (YouTube video).

9. Thinking Fast and Slow:  Daniel Kahneman on The Machinery of the Mind (YouTube Video)
    Thinking Fast and Slow (book), by Daniel Kahneman.
10. The Brain That Changes Itself, by Norman Doidge (book); YouTube video.
11. a. A Colorful Introduction to the Anatomy of the Human Brain: A Brain and Psychology Coloring Book
      b. The Human Brain Coloring Book
12. Neurocomic Takes Reader on an Adventure in the Brain (YouTube video; The Guardian)
      Neurocomic (graphic novel-style book), by Hana Ros (Author) and Matteo Farinella (Illustrator).
13. Who's Who of the Brain: A Guide to Its Inhabitants, Where They Live and What They Do,
      by Kenneth P. Nunn.
14. Mapping the Mind, by Rita Carter.
15. The Brain Science Podcast, with Ginger Campbell, MD
16. Broca's area and Wernicke's area

Assignments:
17. Read and take notes on the chapter on "East Asian Linguistics" from the
      Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics, emailed to you on 12/2.
      Include in your notes for December 16.

18. Read and take notes on second part of Akmajian, Chapter 12:
      Language and the Brain, p. 547-566.
19. Grammar: CET 19 (issue #87) 脫口而出 的英文文法.


December 16:
1. Music: Low German/Plattdeutsch: Plattdeutsche Lieder
    by Knut Kiesewetter un sien heel Verwandtschaft:
    1. Fresenhof, De Haubarg, Keen Minsch wuss wo dat geiht, De Buer un de Knech;
    2. Mien Gott he kann keen Plattdutsch mehr 3. Plattdeutsch mix
        Indo-European/Germanic/West Germanic/Low German/Ingvaeonic (North Sea Germanic)
2. Go over the exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 8.
3. Go over Akmajian, Chapter 12: Language and the Brain, p. 531-566.
4. Hand in class notes, notes on Akmajian, Chapter 12, and CET 19 (issue #87)
    脫口 而出的英文文法,
also your notes on the chapter on East Asian Linguistics,
    from the Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics, emailed to you on 12/2.

Mystery language:
5. Can you understand this? What language do you think it is?

Assignments:
6. Do these exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 12: 1, 2 (p. 532-534), 3 (p. 540-542),
    6
(p. 554-557), 8 (p. 560-562).
7. Read and take notes on Akmajian, Appendix: The Written Representation of Language, p. 569-577.
8. Class- and self-evaluation due January 3.
    Email to Ms. Chung at: feathermountain@gmail.com
    Subject line: Intro to ling evaluation. Must be in pdf format!
    Also make sure you have submitted your 6-page paper in pdf format onto Google Drive!
9. Grammar: CET 20 (issue #88) and CET 21 (issue #89) 重方法不重死背的英文文法(上.


December 23:

1. Music: Christmas music from around the world: 1. Aramaic: Hweili Isho' Halleluyah (Christ is Born):
    2. Huron/Wendat and French: The Huron Carol; 3. Galician: Nadal de luintra;
    4. Czech: Hajej, nynej, Ježišku       Czech text read aloud by Pavel Sticka
    5. Scottish Gaelic: Taladh Chriosda; 6. Georgian: Alilo; 7. French: Le Sommeil de l'Enfant Jesus
2. Read some passages from chapter 12; ask questions.

3. Mark
exercises for Akmajian, Chapter 12: 1, 2 (p. 532-534), 3 (p. 540-542),
    6
(p. 554-557), 8 (p. 560-562).
4. Hand in class notes, notes on text and on CET 20 (issue #88) and CET 21 (issue #89):
    重方法不重死背的英文文法(上
.

5. Go over Akmajian, Appendix: The Written Representation of Language, p. 569-577; hand in notes.
6. International Christmas carol sing:
    1. Scottish Gaelic: Taladh Chriosda; 2. Georgian: Alilo; 3. Czech: Hajej, nynej, Ježišku
    Czech text read aloud by Pavel Sticka
    More Christmas carol lyrics   pdf

Assignments:
7. Grammar: CET 22 (issue #90) : 單數?複數?可數?不可數?
    a, one, the?讓英文名詞再也難不倒你!
(上.
    This article will be emailed to you over Ceiba.
8. Carefully review all chapters covered this semester.
    Bring questions to class next Wednesday.
9. Class- and self-evaluation due January 3.
    Email to Ms. Chung at: feathermountain@gmail.com
    Subject line: Intro to ling evaluation. Must be in pdf format!.
    Also upload your 6-page paper in pdf format to Google Drive!



December 30:

1. Music: Mbira music from Zimbabwe: (1) Forward Kwenda on FB: Tadzungaira; Mbavarira; Nhemamusasa;
 
  Mandarendare;
    (2) Albert Chimedza on FB: Bangiza; Mukaitiende; Vamwene (Mother in Law); Vaenda;
    (3) Erica Azim's mbira.org
    Shona: Niger–Congo/Atlantic–Congo/Benue–Congo/Southern Bantoid/Bantu/Shona.
2. Hand in class notes, notes on text and on CET 22 (issue #90):
    單 數?複數?可數?不可數?a, one, the?讓英文名詞再也難不倒你!(上
.
3.
Go over Akmajian, Appendix: The Written Representation of Language, p. 569-577;
    book sharing: Books on writing systems of the world.
4. Go over terms in glossary relevant to chapters covered in Akmajian this semester.
5. Videos: 1. The Development of Writing
                 2. How to Decipher an Ancient Script
                 3. A Very English Genius (part1) (part 2)  (part 3)  (part 4)  (part 5)  (part 6)  (part 7)
                 4. Deciphering ancient scripts in Mesoamerica.


Assignments:
6. Grammar: CET 23 (issue #91): 單數?複 數?可數?不可數?
    a, one, the?讓英文名詞再也難不倒你!

    and CET 24 (issue #92):
動詞時態三頁通 (emailed to you over Ceiba).
7. Find one article in the media related to language,
    post the link on fb NTU Introduction to Linguistics,
    and prepare to give a one-minute oral report on it
    in our last class next week.
    Give the title, source, and your (brief) feedback on it.
8. Class- and self-evaluation due January 3.
    Email to Ms. Chung at: feathermountain@gmail.com
    Subject line: Intro to ling evaluation. Must be in pdf format!
    Also upload your 6-page paper in pdf format to Google Drive!

9. Final exam for the course will be on
    Wednesday January 13, usual time and place.



January 6, 2016:
1. Music: Portuguese: 1. Anabela: Primeiras Águas; a. Recado a Lisboa; b. So Nós Dóis;
    c. Rua do Capelao
    2. Dulce Pontes: a. Lágrimas: b. Povo Que Lavas no Rio; c. Estranha forma de vida
    3. Portugal: Music from the Edge of Europe: Madredeus: a. O sonho; b. Os senhores da guerra c. Agora
    Portuguese: Indo-European/Italic/Romance/Western Romance/Ibero-Romance/
    West Iberian/Galician-Portuguese/Portuguese

    Bonus song (that came to mind while reading your term papers):
    Honesty by Billy Joel
    If you search for tenderness
    It isn't hard to find
    You can have the love you need to live
    But if you look for truthfulness
    You might just as well be blind
    It always seems to be so hard to give

    Honesty is such a lonely word
    Everyone is so untrue
    Honesty is hardly ever heard
    And mostly what I need from you

    I can always find someone
    To say they sympathize
    If I wear my heart out on my sleeve
    But I don't want some pretty face
    To tell me pretty lies
    All I want is someone to believe

    Honesty is such a lonely word
    Everyone is so untrue

Honesty is hardly ever heard
And mostly what I need from you


I can find a lover
I can find a friend
I can have security
Until the bitter end
Anyone can comfort me
With promises again
I know, I know

When I'm deep inside of me
Don't be too concerned
I won't ask for nothin' while I'm gone
But when I want sincerity
Tell me where else can I turn
Cause you're the one that I depend upon

Honesty is such a lonely word
Everyone is so untrue
Honesty is hardly ever heard
And mostly what I need from you   ©

2. Hand in class notes and notes on: CET 23 and 24 (issues #91 and #92)
    #91: 單 數?複數?可數?不可數?a, one, the?讓英文名詞再也難不倒你!
    and #92:
動詞時態三頁通 (emailed to you over Ceiba).
3. Discussion on your 6-page term papers.
   (1)  Do NOT copy verbatim from Wikipedia or other sources –
         this is PLAGIARISM and NOT an academic report.
         You need to DIGEST, CHOOSE from, and ORGANIZE the material YOURSELF;
         do NOT rely on a single source, and EXPRESS your content IN YOUR OWN WORDS.
         Make sure you DEFINE and EXPLAIN any unfamiliar terms
         like "T-V", "tenuis consonant", or "latus".
         Better to be SIMPLE and CLEAR than to copy down material
         you haven't digested and don't really understand yourself.
   (2) CHECK your English CAREFULLY with the methods described in CET 21 and Linggle.
         Pay special attention to SINGULAR vs. PLURAL AGREEMENT and VERB FORMS.
         One problem with procrastinating is you narrow down your choices,
         and end up putting anything down just to get the assignment done;
         you also have less time to check everything carefully.
   (3) Remember to FOLLOW the REQUIRED FORMAT for the assignment,
         including 1" (2.5cm) margins, CORRECT FONT, the title format, and MLA bibliographic format.
         In the title, the linguist's GIVEN name should come first, then his FAMILY name,
         not vice-versa as in the alphabetical list of linguistics.
         Don't use italics in Chinese.
         Make sure you are using a Unicode FONT if you use IPA symbols,
         Romanization, or tone markings, and make sure you don't get
         nonsense characters or leave anything blank.
         Converting to pdf format before printing will help solve most problems,
         if you have inputted the symbols correctly.
   (4) Avoid clichés, especially for transitions.
        Say "Finally" instead of "Last but not least";
        say "In addition" instead of "What's more" or "Besides";
        say "As regards" or "Regarding" instead of "When it comes to".
4. One-minute oral report on one article in the media related to language.
5. 12 NOON FRIDAY JANUARY 8 is the final date
     that overdue homework will be accepted.
     Missing homework may result in not passing the course.
6. Final exam for the course will be on
    Wednesday January 13, usual time and place.

January 13, 2016:
Final exam.

 

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