Karen Chung's
Language and Linguistics Links

Linguistics
Journals, e-zines, proceedings, organizations
Blogs
Videos
English
English dictionaries
Words of the day
Accents, dialects, voice training
European and other foreign language resources
Proto-Indo-European
Latin
Online translation, text analysis, software
Online language exchanges

European and other language dictionaries
Grammars
Corpora
Chinese corpora and other online resources from the Academia Sinica, Taipei
Python
E-texts
Linguistics and rhetoric glossaries
Chinese linguistics glossaries
Chinese dictionaries and tools
Chinese
General reference
Media

Books on tape


Linguistics

index     home


English dictionaries

1000dictionaries.com
An incredible array of links to all sorts of dictionaries
and other reference works
http://www.1000dictionaries.com/index.html

Dictionary Link
Lots of free online dictionary, translation and reference links, all on one page
http://www.dictionarylink.com/

OneLook Dctionary Search
Word pattern searches
http://www.onelook.com/

OneLook Reverse Dictionary

http://www.onelook.com/reverse-dictionary.shtml


Memidex

Free online dictionary and thesaurus with a simple interface,
complete inflections, auto-suggest, adult-filtering, frequent updates,
a browsable index, support for mobile devices, and millions
of external reference links for definitions, audio, and etymology.

http://www.memidex.com/

Tip of My Tongue
Find that word that you've been thinking about all day but just can't seem to remember
http://chir.ag/projects/tip-of-my-tongue/

Ultralingua.net multilingual look-up
(with search tools
)
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/

Yawiktionary: RC 2.0
Yet another Web dictionary
http://www.yawiki.org/

Merriam-Webster OnLine:
Collegiate Dictionary
and Collegiate Thesaurus (with audio files)
http://www.m-w.com/home.htm

Longman Dictionary of
Contemporary English Online

http://www.ldoceonline.com/

h o w j s a y . c o m
An English Pronouncing Dictionary with Instant Sound
Standard British English (RP) pronunciation

http://www.howjsay.com/

The American Heritage Dictionary (with audio files)
http://www.bartleby.com/61/

MSN Encarta (with audio files in wav and aiff formats)
http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/dictionaryhome.aspx

Ninja Dictionary
"A really fast dictionary... fast like a ninja."
http://www.ninjawords.com/

LingoZ
Building the world's largest dictionary
http://lingoz.com/en/Home

Urban Dictionary
Urban Dictionary is a slang dictionary with your definitions.
http://www.urbandictionary.com/

Jargon Buster: online UK teenage slang dictionary
http://www.gotateenager.org.uk/default.aspx?page=jargonbuster

The Ridiculous Business Jargon Dictionary
Do you wonder where your co-workers picked up all the ridiculous things they say?
From fresh-faced interns to top management, everyone drops one of these gems occasionally.
We can only hope that you're not here to actually add these buzzwords to your vocabulary.
http://www.theofficelife.com/business-jargon-dictionary-A.html

See also: YouTube: The Dictionary For

te Bullshit
http://tw.youtube.com/watch?v=r1GUgj_nj5g

Business Buzzwords: How to Sound As Smart As Your Boss
http://tw.youtube.com/watch?v=8O9m92CAOOo&feature=related

The Devil's Dictionary
by Ambrose Bierce
http://www.alcyone.com/max/lit/devils/a.html

MetaGlossary
with related terms
http://www.metaglossary.com/

Cambridge Dictionaries
Advanced Learner's, Learner's, American English,
Idioms, Phrasal Verbs, French/English, Spanish/English

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Longman Web Dictionary
http://www.ldoceonline.com/

Allwords.com (Dictionary with audio files; links)
http://www.allwords.com/index.php

Heinle's Newbury House
Dictionary of American English
(with IPA)
http://nhd.heinle.com/home.aspx

TheFreeDictionary.com

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/

Answers.com
Idioms; other useful pages at second link under "words"
http://www.answers.com/library/Idioms
http://www.answers.com/main/words.jsp

datasegment.com dictionary
http://onlinedictionary.datasegment.com/

Webster's Online Dictionary:
The Rosetta Edition
Search the Earth's largest dictionary
with over 3 million words and expressions across 90 modern and 10 ancestral languages

http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
http://www.webster-dictionary.org

Dictionary.com
http://dictionary.reference.com/

HyperDictionary
http://www.hyperdictionary.com/


Chambers 21st Century Dictionary and Chambers Thesaurus (UK)
Chambers Biographical Dictionary (UK)
http://www.chambersharrap.co.uk/chambers/chref/chref.py/main

Online Community Dictionary
http://www.definition-of.com/

real dictionary.com (English, other languages)
http://www.realdictionary.com/

Online Etymology Dictionary
http://www.etymonline.com/

xrefer
lots of good cross-references of words as used in many fields

http://www.xrefer.com/

Bridging World History: Audio Glossary
Contains references for 350 place names and historical figures;
each defined and pronounced aloud.

http://www.learner.org/channel/courses/worldhistory/audio_glossary.html

Voice of America (VOA)
guide to the pronunciation of foreign names
(with audio files)
http://ibb7.ibb.gov/pronunciations/

Forvo
Audio files of the pronunciations of words in over 80 languages
http://forvo.com/

BBC: What's in a name?
Welsh place names pronounced
(with audio files and video clips)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/whatsinaname/sites/howdoisay/

National Library Service
Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures

http://www.loc.gov/nls/other/sayhow.html

Baby Names of Ireland.com
Pronunciations of Irish names with audio files
http://www.babynamesofireland.com/index.html

infoplease.com dictionary
http://www.infoplease.com/dictionary.html

English.forum.com
http://www.english-forum.com/00/

Dictionaries and Reference Books Online

Try the 'strange dictionaries' link!
http://www.englishforum.com/00/students/dict.html/

Dictionaries: collection of links
http://www.lexicate.com/

Word2word language dictionaries and translators
Many language combinations and resources

http://www.word2word.com/dic.html#main

Logos Children's Dictionary
In many languages, with audio

http://www.logos.it/pls/dictionary/new_dictionary.home_project?pjCode=10&lang=en&u_code=4395

Glossaries by language
http://www.lai.com/glossaries.html

Phrasal Verb Dictionary
http://www.englishpage.com/prepositions/phrasaldictionary.html

Lycos Rhyme Zone
http://rhyme.lycos.com/

AnalogX Rhyme

Downloadable rhyme dictionary
http://www.analogx.com/contents/download/audio/rhyme.htm

a2zWordFinder.com
A free online dictionary for crosswords, Scrabble dictionary,
Literati helper, Jumble solver, WordOx helper, anagram generator,
and vocabulary utility for quickly finding words
http://www.a2zwordfinder.com/index.html

Wordplays.com
Word puzzle solving tools
http://www.wordplays.com/

Acronym Finder
http://www.acronymfinder.com/

Wayne Magnuson's English Idioms, Sayings and Slang
http://bits.westhost.com/idioms/

Spelling compound words with or without hyphens
http://www.wilbers.com/part24.htm


Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades, Ranks, Offices, and Titles
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~dav4is/Sources/Occupations.html#TOP

Feed the hungry as you improve your vocabulary
http://www.freerice.com/

Dictionary, thesaurus, rhymes, acronyms, language identifiers

index     home


Accents, dialects, voice training

Speech Accent Archive
This site examines the accented speech of speakers
from many different language backgrounds
reading the same sample paragraph. 238 speech samples currently available.

http://classweb.gmu.edu/accent/

International Dialects of English Archive

repository of primary source MP3 recordings
for actors and other artists in the performing arts (University Of Kansas)
FREE
http://web.ku.edu/idea/

Evaluating English Accents Worldwide
http://www.otago.ac.nz/anthropology/Linguistic/Accents.html

EnglishContrasted: Sounds of English from around the world
http://www.geocities.com/mafjrcall/index.html

British Library: Sounds familiar?
Accents and Dialects of the UK
http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/sounds/

Sounds of New Zealand English
http://www.ualberta.ca/~johnnewm/NZEnglish/sounds.html


E.L. Easton English online: English around the World
http://eleaston.com/world-eng.html

Dialect Survey
Dialect maps displaying what terms and pronunciations
are used in the US, and where they are used

http://www.ling.cam.ac.uk/survey/

Linguistic Geography of the Mainland United States
http://www.evolpub.com/Americandialects/AmDialMap.html

American Languages: Our Nation's Many Voices Online
Fieldwork audio collections capturing a variety of American languages and dialects

http://csumc.wisc.edu/AmericanLanguages/index.htm

Pennsylvania German ("Dutch") Audio Clips
Audio clips of Dorathy Fry reading Mammi Ganz (Mother Goose) rhymes of John Birmelin

http://www.pgs.org/dialect_audio.asp

British Library
Collect Britain: English accents and dialects
http://www.collectbritain.co.uk/collections/dialects/


Should you try to sound like a Brit?
http://www.guardian.co.uk/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-19039,00.html

A Pronounced Trend
LA Times, June 4, 2000 by ELLEN BASKIN

http://cateblanchett.moondogdesigns.com/film/TG/article/060400.html

Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS) Support
http://www.utdallas.edu/research/FAS/

Dialect coaches

Eric Armstrong: The Voice Guy
http://www.voiceguy.ca/
Eric Armstrong's IPA charts
(Flash)
http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/


Joel Goldes

http://www.thedialectcoach.com/

Paul Meier
http://www.paulmeier.com/

Andrew Jack
http://www.andrewjack.com/thework.htm

Voice training for broadcasting
Dr. Ann S. Utterback
Broadcast Voice Specialist and Stress Reduction Counselor
See her 'Voice Tip' page
http://www.AVoiceDoc.com

Voice training Website and discussion list
Vastavox: Voice and Speech Trainers Association
promotes 'discussion of voice, speech, dialect, and classical text issues
for actors, singers, and other professional voice users'
http://www.vasta.org/vastavox.html

Vastavox's Internet Resources for Voice and Speech Professionals
http://www.vasta.org/resources/internet_resources.html

index     home


European and other foreign language resources

Learn languages free online!
Mango
Eleven courses now available in beta release.
http://www.trymango.com/

Globe-Gate:
A Culture and Language SuperSite
http://globegate.utm.edu/french/globe.html

EuroLinguistiX (ELiX) wiki
European Historical Thesaurus, European Communicative Strategies,
European Lexemes, Proverbs and Sayings in Europe

http://www1.ku-eichstaett.de/SLF/EngluVglSW/mediawiki/index.php/Main_Page

20 Podcasts That Will Teach You Spanish, French, Italian and German
http://www.oculture.com/weblog/2007/04/20_podcasts_tha.html

101languages.net
Basic translations and other useful information about different languages

http://www.101languages.net/

TennesseeBob's Famous French Links
http://www.utm.edu/departments/french/french.html

Branches of French Linguistics: links
http://french.about.com/cs/linguistiquefran/

Resources for French literature: Lettres.net

http://www.lettres.net/

Cours autodidactiques de français écrit
http://cafe.etfra.umontreal.ca

Dictionnaire de citations
http://www.dicocitations.com/

Globe-Gate Spanish Language and Hispanic Culture Pages
http://globegate.utm.edu/spanish/

Linguateca: Portuguese language resources
http://www.linguateca.pt/

Etnolingüística
l
ínguas indígenas da América do Sul
http://www.etnolinguistica.org/

Web German/Deutsch im Netz
Comics, grammar, music, puzzles

http://webgerman.com/

BOSS: Bonn Open Synthesis System
Paste in German text and hear it synthesized into speech

http://www.ikp.uni-bonn.de/boss/

Canoo-net: German Dictionaries and Grammar
http://www.canoo.net/index_en.html

mediensprache.net
http://www.mediensprache.net/de/


The Lord's Prayer in the Germanic Languages
http://www.georgetown.edu/faculty/ballc/oe/pater_noster_germanic.html

Lowlands-L
Lowlands languages (including Dutch)
e-mail discusion list and resources
http://www.lowlands-l.net/index.php


Language Links: Dutch
http://babel.uoregon.edu/yamada/guides/dutch.html

Dutch Dialects:
Dynamische Syntactische Atlas van de Nederlandse Dialecten (DynaSAND)

http://www.meertens.nl/sand/zoeken/

Norsk språkråds vevsider: Norwegian language resources
http://www.sprakradet.no/

Scots language resources
http://www.scots-online.org/

Greek alphabet
http://www.geocities.com/Axiom43/alphabeta.html

Learn Tibetan
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Academy/9594/tibet.html

Web resources for African Languages
http://goto.glocalnet.net/maho/webresources/index.html

Writing in Inuktitut
http://www.halfmoon.org/inuit.html

Mama Lisa's World: Children's Songs and Rhymes of All Nations
http://www.mamalisa.com/world/

index     home


Proto-Indo-European

Proto-Indo-European Internet Resources
http://web.uvic.ca/geru/471/protoindoeuropean.htm

The Indo-European Language Family Tree
http://www.danshort.com/ie/

Languages: Misc: Proto-Indo-European
http://www.verbix.com/languages/proto-indo-european.shtml

Proto-Indo-European
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Ithaca/6623/pie.htm

The *Proto-Indo-European Language
The Comparative Method and IE Languages
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/lectures/05lect22.html

Proto-Indo-European Language
demonstration and exploration Website
http://colfa.utsa.edu/drinka/pie/

What was the earliest ancestor of English like?
(“Say something in Proto-Indo-European”)
http://www.grsampson.net/Q_PIE.html

Early Indo-European Online
Introduction to the Language Lessons
Winfred P. Lehmann and Jonathan Slocum

http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/


Word Gumbo
Comparative Indo-European links
http://www.wordgumbo.com/ie/cmp/

index     home


Latin


Victimae Paschali laudes
Text: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15407a.htm
St. John's Boys' Choir (MP3): http://www.sja.osb.org/obits/
Flash animation with audio + staff notation that teaches Victimae Paschali laudes
:
http://www.patriciagray.net/Musichtmls/Flash/Victimae.html
Gregorian Chant (RealPlayer):
http://www.ipl.org/exhibit/mushist/RA/chant.ram

Wheelock tutorials
(audio)
http://www.uncc.edu/classics/latin/tutorial_realaudio.htm

Pronunciation of Latin
http://www.dl.ket.org/latinlit/carmina/pronunciation/vowels.htm

Daily World News Summary in Latin, from Finland (audio):
http://www.yleradio1.fi/nuntii/audi/

The Latin Library
http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/

Latin Resources from Cornell

(e.g. simple texts like Aesop's Fables)

http://www.cornellcollege.edu/classical_studies/Latin/latin-links.shtml

Latin Quotes, Latin Phrases, Latin Quotations and Latin Sayings
with English Translations

http://www.yuni.com/library/latin.html

VRoma: Take a virtual tour of Rome
http://www.vroma.org/

Read Catullus in 13 languages!
http://catullus.iscool.net/

Hear the Odes of Horace Read Aloud!
http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/horaces-villa/poetry/Ode1.17.html

Perseus Text Tools and Lexica for Latin and Greek
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/lexica.html
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/perscoll?collection=Perseus:collection:PersInfo&type=interactive+resource

Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid

http://www.nd.edu/~archives/latgramm.htm

Online Latin Dictionaries
http://www.online-dictionary.net/Latin/

Latin/English Online Dictionary
http://arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Latin/

index     home


Online translation, text analysis, software

CVC's List of free foreign language translation services
http://home.cvc.org/translate.htm

Dictionary.com free translator
http://dictionary.reference.com/translate/text.html

Alta Vista's
Fish translation
http://world.altavista.com/

Langenberg language translation
English, French, German, Danish, Spanish, Finnish, Czech & Italian
http://translation.langenberg.com/

Language dictionaries and translators
http://www.word2word.com/dictionary.html

Textalyser
Online text analysis tool with character,
word and syllable count, and readability indices
(nifty, but words counts different from Word)
http://textalyser.net/

APA style converter
http://cogsci.richmond.edu/APAconverter/main.html

Software: WordGenerator
Generates hypothetical words from specifications of their syllable structure
http://billposer.org/Software/WordGenerator.html

index     home


Translation agencies
Especially good for Chinese, other Asian languages, and English translation and editing:
Pristine Communications

10F-1, 281 Roosevelt Road, Sect. 3
台北市羅斯福路三段 281 號 10 樓之 1
Taipei, Taiwan 106
Phone: 886-2-2368-9023
Fax: 886-2-2367-0342
solutions@pristine.com.tw
http://www.pristine.com.tw/en/

Especially good for European languages:
Quicksilver Translate
http://www.quicksilvertranslate.com/default.aspx

Online language exchanges

Language Exchange
Find a friend for language exchange – quick, easy and free

http://www.myteacher.cz/english

xLingo.com
Free online language exchange network

http://www.xlingo.com/

index     home


European and other language dictionaries


Your Dictionary - many various dictionaries: http://www.yourdictionary.com/diction1.html
AllWords com: dictionaries and language resources: http://www.allwords.com/
Online dictionaries (many combinations of European languages; uses Java, download may take awhile) http://www.japplis.com/jlearnit/dicos/
Links to online dictionaries & glossaries:
http://www.geonames.de/fonts.html
Lexilogos: Mots et merveilles d'ici et d'ailleeurs: http://www.lexilogos.com/
Babylon.com dictionaries and glossaries:
http://www.babylon.com/gloss/glossaries.html
German, Spanish, French, Italian language dictionaries: http://www.wordreference.com/
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Latin: http://www.realdictionary.com/
Wörterbuch der deutschen Gegenwartssprache
http://www.dwds.de/cgi-bin/dwds/test/query.cgi?wdg=1
LEO German-English Dictionary:
http://dict.leo.org/
Leo homepage: http://www.leo.org/leo_home_en.html
TU Chemnitz German-English Dictionary: http://dict.tu-chemnitz.de/
dict.cc
German/English: http://www.dict.cc/
Wortschatz Lexikon Uni-Leipzig: http://wortschatz.uni-leipzig.de/
Schlauweb.de: Das Lexikon im Internet: http://www.schlauweb.de/
German-English Glossary: Computer/Internet: http://german.about.com/library/blcomputD_A-B.htm
Phrasen des Tages: http://www.phrasen.com/
Online Plautdietsch dictionary: http://www.mennolink.org/doc/lg/index.html
Travlang Dutch dictionary:
http://dictionaries.travlang.com/DutchEnglish/ Dutch-German
LookWAYup Dutch-English dictionary: http://lookwayup.com/free/DutchEnglishDictionary.htm English-Dutch
Freedict Dutch dictionary: http://www.freedict.com/onldict/dut.html
Nederlandse naslagwerken http://www.dbnl.org/naslagwerken/
French dictionaries: http://www.online-dictionary.net/french/
French dictionaries of synonyms, orthography, rhymes, homonyms, more: with audio http://www.mediadico.com/dictionnaire/
Lexique des neologismes Internet http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/dglf/ressources/lexiques/flexique.htm
Vocabulaire d'Internet - Banque de terminologie du Québec
http://www.olf.gouv.qc.ca/ressources/bibliotheque/dictionnaires/Internet/Index/
Spanish dictionaries:
http://www.diccionarios.com/
Large collection of Spanish dictionaries and glossaries: http://www.tododiccionarios.com/
SpanishDict.com (with audio files): http://www.spanishdict.com/
Diccionario de la Real Academia Española: http://www.rae.es/
Spanish Pronto! Arabic Words in Spanish http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/arabicglossary.html
http://www.verdeislam.com/vi_03/vi_307.HTM#T
Catalan language and culture: http://www.grec.net/
MorDebe: uma Base de Dados Morfologica de Portugues http://www.iltec.pt/mordebe/
iLteC Regular Morphology in European Portuguese http://www.iltec.pt/neotrack/regmorph.php
Thesaurus Occitan (THESOC) Online http://thesaurus.unice.fr/
Gaelic dictionaries online:
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/
Dictionary of the Scots Language http://www.scots-online.org/
The Romani Linguistics Page http://www.llc.manchester.ac.uk/Research/Projects/romani/
Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
http://students.washington.edu/prem/mw/mw.html
Talking White Hmong-English online dictionary (with audio files)
and other reference tools http://ww2.saturn.stpaul.k12.mn.us/Hmong/sathmong.html

http://www.olf.gouv.qc.ca/ressources/bibliotheque/dictionnaires/Internet/Index/index.html

Jim Breen's Online Japanese dictionary
http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/jwb/wwwjdic?1C

More Japanese reference tools from Jim Breen
http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/wwwjdic.html


Japanese kanji dictionary
http://www.saiga-jp.com/kanji_dictionary.html

Kanji Networks
Etymologies by Lawrence J. Howell and Hikaru Morimoto
http://www.kanjinetworks.com/

Suchmaschine für Lexika...
Thesauri (Synonymwörterbücher), Wörterbücher,
Zitatesammlungen, Abkürzungsverzeichnisse und Reimlexika im Internet
Incredible collection of links to every imaginable kind of German dictionary

http://www.lexikon.ch/

Online-Suchmaschine des Wadoku Jiten von Ulrich Apel
Japanese-German online dictionaries

http://www.bibiko.de/wadoku/
http://www.bibiko.de/kanji/


Zulu-English/English-Zulu online dictionary
http://isizulu.net/

Webster's Online Dictionary
with Multilingual Thesaurus Translation: Zulu

http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definition/Zulu-english

A Basic Dictionary of American Sign Language Terms
http://www.masterstech-home.com/ASLDict.html


SignTyp Database Download
University of Connecticut Linguistics Department
SignTyp is a database of primarily phonetic, phonological and morphological
information about signs. The download is provided in text format as a zip file
which includes documentation files, the database file itself, and two index files

http://www.ldc.upenn.edu/signtyp/downloads/

Dictionary of Gestures, Signs & Body Language Cues
http://members.aol.com/nonverbal2/diction1.htm#The%20NONVERBAL%20DICTIONARY

Glossarist: a searchable directory of
glossaries and topical dictionaries
http://www.glossarist.com/default.asp

Logos Children's Dictionary
Entries in many languages
with graphics and audio files
good for IPA transcription practice

http://www.logos.it/pls/dictionary/new_dictionary.home_project?pjCode=10&lang=en&u_code=4395

Little Explorers English/foreign language Picture Dictionaries
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/Dictionary.html

Travlang's Word of the Day
in many languages, with audio files
http://www.travlang.com/wordofday/

Numbers from 1 to 10 in over 4500 languages
http://www.zompist.com/numbers.shtml

FREELANG's Words and expressions in all languages - MERRY CHRISTMAS
http://www.freelang.net/expressions/christmas.html

index     home


Grammars

Online English grammars
http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/Extras.htm#pron

Internet Grammar of English
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/intro/intro.htm

The Armchair Grammarian
http://community-2.webtv.net/solis-boo/Grammar1/

An Encyclopedia of English Grammar and Word Grammar
by Richard Hudson
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/dick/enc-gen.htm

Robert de Beaugrande
A Friendly Grammar of English
An honest, fun, and funny grammar-book for all ages and places
Interesting, authentic data, famous faces, and creative pix!

http://www.beaugrande.com/UPLOADGRAMMARHEADER.htm

Elly van Gelderen's
A Grammar of English

http://www.public.asu.edu/~gelderen/314text/index.htm

Links to Steven Schaufele's Lecturettes on Chomskyan syntax
http://www.jtauber.com/linguistics/synthinar/


Bruce D. Despain's
A paraphrastic grammar of English

http://userpages.burgoyne.com/bdespain/grammar/gramtoc.htm

Online grammar guides (GMU)
http://writingcenter.gmu.edu/esl/eslgrammar.html

Online style guides (GMU)
http://writingcenter.gmu.edu/resources/guides.html

Yahoo English grammar links
Yahoo


Logos Multilingual Verba Universal Conjugator

http://www.verba.org/owa-v/verba_dba.verba_main.create_page?lang=en

Internet Handbook of German Grammar
http://www.travlang.com/languages/german/ihgg/

Syddansk Universitet (University of Southern Denmark)
VISL - Visual Interactive Syntax Learning
Incredible grammar and linguistics resources
including games, quizzes, lecture notes in many languages

http://www.visl.sdu.dk/

Guide to Grammar and Writing
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/index.htm

English grammar through animation
(in Mandarin and Taiwan English, with many errors, but fun)

http://210.240.122.2/%E5%8B%95%E7%95%AB%E6%96%87%E6%B3%95.htm

文法與寫作指南 Guide to Grammar and Writing
(in Chinese; weird color schemes)

http://www.cybertranslator.idv.tw/grammar/grammar.htm

Comprehensive grammar of Finnish, in Finnish
Ison suomen kieliopin verkkoversio
http://scripta.kotus.fi/visk/etusivu.php


index     home


Corpora


Record your own corpus with Audacity
Audacity is free, open source software for recording and editing sounds
http://audacity.sourceforge.net/

StoryCorps National Day of Listening
Do-It-Yourself Guide

http://www.nationaldayoflistening.org/wp-content/uploads/do-it-yourself-guide.pdf


Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction
University of Essex

http://www.essex.ac.uk/linguistics/clmt/w3c/corpus_ling/content/introduction.html

Developing Linguistic Corpora: A Guide to Good Practice
Edited by Martin Wynne
Also link to other AHDS "Guides to Good Practice"
http://www.ahds.ac.uk/creating/guides/linguistic-corpora/index.htm

BYU Corpus of American English
Mark Davies  Brigham Young University
360+ million words, 1990-2007
Equally divided among spoken, fiction, popular magazines, newspapers, and academic texts
Do frequency and semantics-based searches, comparisons between genres or time periods,
one-step comparisons of collocates of related words

http://www.americancorpus.org/

Corpus of TIME magazine articles, 1923-2007 (100+ million words)
This website allows you to quickly and easily search more than 100 million words of text
of American English from 1923 to the present, as found in TIME magazine.

http://corpus.byu.edu/time/

Access to the British National Corpus
via BNCweb at Lancaster University
; free registration required.
http://bncweb.lancs.ac.uk/bncwebSignup/user/login.php

British Academic Written English Corpus
Available for non-commercial use; Registration or request is required.

http://ota.ahds.ac.uk/headers/2539.xml

Corpus of Black and Coloured South African English in Contact
Interactions between South African black and coloured individuals
who do not share the same mother tongue, conducted in English as a lingua franca.

http://www.lingua-franca-net.de/AfricanIdentities/SACorpus.html

MiCASE: The Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English
The University of Michigan, English Language Institute
Transcripts of academic speech events recorded at the University of Michigan
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/micase/
Sound files online:
http://legacyweb.lsa.umich.edu/eli/micase/Audio/index.htm

New site incorporating many resources of the Michigan Corpus site
http://micase.elicorpora.info/

The John Swales Conference Corpus
This corpus contains the transcribed proceedings of the “Swales Conference”
conference,
which took place at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in June 2006
to celebrate the official retirement of John Swales; includes both presentations and Q&A session.

http://jscc.elicorpora.info/download

The Loyola Computer Mediated Communication Corpus
Over 900 text samples of participants' views on 6 pre-determined topics in 6 genres:
blog, chat, email, essay, group discussion, and phone interview are available.

http://cmccorpus.cs.loyola.edu/

Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) Chat Corpus
http://faculty.nps.edu/cmartell/NPSChat.htm

FLI Software
Corpus sampler of mobile phone texts

http://www.thetext.co.uk/software.html

CHILDES Child Language Data Exchange System
http://childes.psy.cmu.edu/

MRC Psycholinguistic Database
University of Western Australia, School of Psychology
Word, Number of letters, Age of acquisition rating,
Comprehensive syntactic category, Kucera-Francis written frequency, more

http://www.psy.uwa.edu.au/mrcdatabase/uwa_mrc.htm

The Buckeye Speech Corpus
Recordings of 40 speakers in Columbus OH conversing freely with an interviewer
orthographically transcribed and phonetically labeled

Registration and download required

http://buckeyecorpus.osu.edu/

The CHAINS corpus: Characterizing individual spakers
Features approximately 36 speakers recorded under a variety of speaking
conditions, allowing comparison of the same speaker across different
well-defined speech styles. Speakers read a variety of texts alone, in
synchrony with a dialect-matched co-speaker, in imitation of a
dialect-matched co-speaker, in a whisper, and at a fast rate. There is also
an unscripted spontaneous retelling of a read fable. The bulk of the
speakers were speakers of Eastern Hiberno-English.
http://chains.ucd.ie/ftpaccess.php

EUSTACE - Edinburgh University
Speech Timing Archive and Corpus of English
4608 spoken sentences, spoken by six speakers of British English,
designed to examine a number of durational effects in speech
and controlled for length and phonetic content.

http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/projects/eustace/index.html

University of Vienna
Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of
English (VOICE) 1.0 Online
The first corpus of English as lingua franca (ELF) to become publicly available
https://www.univie.ac.at/voice/page/corpus_availability

English Corpora links
George Dillon
, University of Washington
http://faculty.washington.edu/dillon/LexSemTextResources/LexSemTextResources.html

The Collins WordbanksOnline English Corpus
Corpus Concordance Sampler
http://www.collins.co.uk/corpus/corpussearch.aspx

Variation in English Words and Phrases
Mark Davies, Brigham Young University
Search for a wide range of words and phrases of English
in the 100 million word British National Corpus

http://view.byu.edu/

DeepDict Lexifier
This tool allows you to build complex dictionary entries and context overviews
for a given word on the fly. Word relations are based on Constraint Grammar
dependency analysis and grammatical functions, not just co-occurence.
Relative and absolute frequency values are provided for each relation.
Registration required.

http://gramtrans.com/deepdict/

The Preposition Project
A comprehensive characterization of English preposition senses suitable
for use in natural language processing

Each of 673 preposition senses for 334 prepositions (mostly phrasal prepositions)
has been described by giving it a semantic role or relation name and by characterizing
the syntactic and semantic properties of its complement and attachment point.
Each sense is further described by its definition and sample usages from the Oxford Dictionary of English.

http://www.clres.com/prepositions.html

Affixes: the building blocks of English
Dictionary of affixes
This dictionary contains more than 1,250 entries, illustrated by some 10,000 examples,
all defined and explained. It is based on Michael Quinion’s book Ologies and Isms: Word Beginnings and Endings,
published by Oxford University Press in 2002. This work is now out of print and has been edited and presented here
as a free service. These pages contain examples of all four of the types of affixes that appear in English:
prefixes, suffixes, combining forms and infixes.

http://www.affixes.org/

Metalude: Metaphor at Lingnan University (Hong Kong)
Department of English
http://www.ln.edu.hk/lle/cwd/project01/web/howtouse.html

WordHoard
Northwestern University

Amazing - and free! - application for the close reading
and scholarly analysis of deeply tagged texts.
Contains the entire canon of Early Greek epic in the original
and in translation, as well as all of Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Spenser.
Version 1.3 December 30, 2008

http://wordhoard.northwestern.edu/userman/index.html

The Middle English Grammar Project
University of Stavanger, Norway
http://www.uis.no/research/culture/the_middle_english_grammar_project/meg-c_html/article9217-4009.html

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, 3rd ed. E. D. Hirsch et al
http://www.bartleby.com/59/

Lexical FreeNet
Word associations, rhymes, thesaurus, substrings
http://www.lexfn.com/

Visual Thesaurus
An interactive dictionary and thesaurus which creates word maps
that blossom with meanings and branch to related words
with audio files
Free trial use

http://www.visualthesaurus.com/

Visuwords
Online graphical dictionary
http://www.visuwords.com/

WordCount
An interactive presentation 86,800 of the most frequently used
English words, ranked in order of commonness.

http://www.wordcount.org/main.php

Fake Name Generator
http://www.fakenamegenerator.com/index.php?gen=random&n=us&c=us

Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech
http://www.scottishcorpus.ac.uk/

The Speech Accent Archive
George Mason University
Features a large set of speech samples from a variety of language backgrounds.
Native and non-native speakers of English read the same paragraph and are carefully transcribed.

http://accent.gmu.edu/

IDEA: International Dialects of English Archive
All recordings are in English, are of native speakers,
and you will find both English language dialects and English spoken
in the accents of other languages.
http://web.ku.edu/idea/index.htm

EnglishContrasted
Explore the regional variations of the language
and learn about the culture of English speaking countries
through the texts of native speakers.

http://www.geocities.com/mafjrcall/index.html

E.L. Easton: English around the World
Varieties of English
http://eleaston.com/world-eng.html

KanTalk audio corpus of EFL English
Use it for research, or contribute a recording
http://www.kantalk.com/Recording/

amNewYork: New York City accents
http://www.amnyinteractive.com/project/2008/NYC-Accent/

Google Duel for Writers
Compare the frequency of Google hits for words or phrases in any language
http://cgi.sfu.ca/~gpeters/cgi-bin/pear/writers.php

Google sets
Automatically generate semantically related sets of words
http://labs.google.com/sets

Multilingual parallel corpus: JRC-Acqui
Documents of the EU in 22 languages (all official EU languages except Irish):
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, German, Greek, Finnish,
French, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish,
Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish

http://langtech.jrc.it/JRC-Acquis.html

SSWL:
Syntactic Structures of the World's Languages
A searchable database that allows users to discover which properties
(morphological, syntactic, and semantic) characterize a language,
as well as how these properties relate across languages.

http://sswl.railsplayground.net/

SMULTRON (Stockholm MULtilingual TReebank)
A parallel treebank which contains around 1000 sentences in English, German and Swedish.
The sentences have been PoS-tagged and annotated with phrase structure trees.
The trees have been aligned across languages on sentence, phrase and word level.

http://www.cl.uzh.ch/kitt/smultron/

Surrey Morphology Group
Typology of Defectiveness databases
Databases covering the typology and cross-linguistic
distribution of inflectional defectiveness (paradigm gaps)

http://www.defectiveness.surrey.ac.uk/

Cosmas German Corpus: Institut für deutsche Sprache, Mannheim
http://corpora.ids-mannheim.de/~cosmas/

SALSA Corpus
German corpus with role semantic annotation in the Berkeley FrameNet paradigm,
provided by Manfred Pinkal's Saarbrucken SALSA project,
funded by German Science Foundation (DFG), and based on TIGER,
a syntactically annotated German newspaper corpus.

http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/projects/salsa/corpus/

GermaNet
GermaNet is a lexical-semantic net that relates German nouns, verbs, and
adjectives semantically by grouping lexical units that express the same
co ncept into synsets and by defining semantic relations between these synsets.

http://www.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/GermaNet/

Schweizer Textkorpus
http://chtk.unibas.ch/search

TIGER PROJECT
Linguistic Interpretation of a German Corpus
http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/TIGER/

Tübingen Partially Parsed Corpus of Written German (T
üPP-D/Z)
Fee and installation required
http://www.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/en_tuepp.shtml

Die "Tubinger Baumbank des Deutschen / Schriftsprache" (TuBa-D/Z)
The Tuebingen Treebank of Written German
Release 4 (02.05.2008)
http://www.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/de_tuebadz.shtml

Noun Associations for German database
Saarland University
Native speakers of German were asked to write the first three words
that came to their mind when presented with a stimulus word.
http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/projects/nag/

Lexique 3
Open-source database for French with
more than 135 000 lexical entries

http://www.lexique.org

Corpus del Español
100 million words/100millones de palabras
1200s-1900s/siglos XIII-XX

http://www.corpusdelespanol.org/

Lista de Frecuencias de Palabras
del Castellano de Chile, LIFCACH
Word Frequency List of Chilean Spanish (LIFCACH)
http://www2.udec.cl/~ssadowsky/lifcach-eng.html

Spanish FrameNet (SFN)
Online lexical resource for Spanish, based on frame
semantics and supported by corpus evidence; now open and available
to the public with 300 frames, more than 1.000 lexical units (LU) - 600 of
them fully annotated - adding up to over 10,000 annotated sentences.

http://gemini.uab.es/SFN

Spanish Learner Language Oral Corpus project (SPLLOC 1)
a corpus of oral L2 Spanish collected by Southampton, Newcastle, and York universities in the UK
http://www.splloc.soton.ac.uk/search.php

MultiWordNet of Portuguese
http://mwnpt.di.fc.ul.pt/

CoLFIS: Corpus e Lessico di Frequenza dell'Italiano Scritto
Corpus and Frequency Lexicon of Written Italian

http://alphalinguistica.sns.it/CoLFIS/CoLFIS_Presentation.htm
http://www.istc.cnr.it/material/database/colfis/

Corpus OVI dell'italiano antico
1978 texts of early Italian with 21,817,929 words,
443,810 different word forms, 116,224 lemmas
and 3,615,478 lemmatized occurrences.

http://www.vocabolario.org/

AIS: The Linguistic and Ethnographic Atlas of Italy
and Southern Switzerland
(Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Sudschweiz)
Available for free download
http://www3.pd.istc.cnr.it/navigais/

National Russian Corpus
http://new.hse.ru/sites/conf_rus_lang/default.aspx

Polish corpus: IPI PAN Corpus
http://korpus.pl/index.php?lang=en
http://corpus.ijp-pan.krakow.pl/index.php?lang=en

Persian language (Farsi) newspaper corpora:
Bijankhan corpus
http://ece.ut.ac.ir/dbrg/bijankhan/
Hamshahri corpus
http://ece.ut.ac.ir/dbrg/hamshahri/

Society of Iranian linguistics and other related links
Overview of publications, tools, corpora, dictionaries

http://www.iranianlinguistics.org/page.cgi?page=complinks
http://www.netvouz.com/mcswell/folder/566706635046132086/Languages+Iranian
http://www.ihcs.ac.ir/User/People.aspx?ID=320&Tab=Institutes&OrganID=8
http://pldb.ihcs.ac.ir/

Spoken Turkish Corpus: Demo and Sample Releases
http://std.metu.edu.tr/en/

AILA Research Network (ReN) on Folk Linguistics
Folk linguistics as applied linguistic issues in research
Languages covered: English, French, German, Norwegian,
Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish and Spanish

http://www.aila.info/networks/ren/lay-theories-and-folk-beliefs.html

Wikipedia
Language resources, arranged alphabetically

http://aclweb.org/aclwiki/index.php?title=List_of_resources_by_language

index     home


Chinese corpora and other online resources
from the Academia Sinica, Taipei


Academia Sinica Balanced Corpus of Modern Chinese:
The Sinica Corpus

中央研究院現代漢語平衡語料庫

http://www.sinica.edu.tw/SinicaCorpus
Earlier entry page:
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi.sh

Academia Sinica Tagged Corpus of Early Mandarin Chinese
中研院近代漢語標記語料庫
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/Early_Mandarin/

Academia Sinica Corpus of Classical Chinese Texts
中央研究院古漢語語料庫
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/~tibe/2-words/old-words/index.htmll

Academia Sinica Digitalized Chinese Documents
中研院漢籍電子文獻
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/ftmsw3

Chinese Word Sketch (CWS)
中文詞彙特性描述系統

http://wordsketch.ling.sinica.edu.tw/

Chinese Word Net (CWN)
中文詞彙網路

http://cwn.ling.sinica.edu.tw/

The Academia Sinica Bilingual Ontological Wordnet (SinicaBOW)
中研院中英雙語知識本體詞網
http://bow.sinica.edu.tw/


Chinese language resources (I)
搜文解字
Word resources for: classical Chinese poetry, novels, idioms,
synonyms, antomyms, noun and measure word collocations,
character learning games
http://words.sinica.edu.tw/

Chinese language resources (II)
文國尋寶
Digital library project, Phase I: Three versions of elementary school Chinese language textbooks,
Dream of the Red Chamber, On the Water Margin, 300 Poems of the Tang Dynasty,
Mandarin Daily measure word dictionary, Yuan Liou 4-character idiom dictionary

http://www.sinica.edu.tw/wen/


More Chinese corpora:

The NCCU Corpus of Spoken Chinese 國立政治大學漢語口語語料庫
Consists of three sub-corpora (free registration required):
1. The Corpus of Spoken Mandarin
2. The Corpus of Spoken Hakka
3. The Corpus of Spoken Southern Min
http://140.119.172.200/

Candle: National e-learning project
Create an account to use the Chinese-English bilingual concordancer (Total Recall),
collocation retrieval program (Tango), and other resources
that have potential applications in ESL, translation, and linguistics

http://candle.cs.nthu.edu.tw/newcandle/Home_C.asp

The University of Pennsylvania Linguistic Data Consortium
Resources at LDC (including bilingual wordlists and a segmenter)
http://projects.ldc.upenn.edu/Chinese/

Word Sketch Engine (
SkE) Corpus Query System
Many languages available; 30-day free trial account
http://www.sketchengine.co.uk/

Chinese NLP Pages
http://www.chinesecomputing.com/nlp/

Taiwan Sign Language Online Dictionary
with Quick Time videos
http://tsl.ccu.edu.tw/htmltext/browser.htm

index     home


Python

How to Think like a Computer Scientist: Learning with Python
http://www.openbookproject.net/thinkcs/python/english/

Natural Language Processing in Python
http://nltk.sourceforge.net/index.php/Book

Getting Started on Natural Language Processing with Python
http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds13-4/natural_language.html

Python for Linguists: A Gentle Introduction to the Python Language
http://mainline.brynmawr.edu/Courses/cs325/fall2005/PythonIntro.html

A Byte of Python
http://www.ibiblio.org/swaroopch/byteofpython/files/120/byteofpython_120.pdf

Official Python Tutorial
http://www.python.org/doc/2.5.2/tut/tut.html

Non-Programmers' Tutorial for Python
http://cdrom.gnutemberg.org/python/easytut.pdf

NLTK (Natural Language Toolkit)
A suite of open source Python modules,
data and documentation in natural language processing

http://nltk.sourceforge.net/index.php/Main_Page

LOPE (Lab of Ontologies, Language Processing, and e-Humanities)
http://lope.eng.ntnu.edu.tw

index     home


E-texts


Justfreebooks
Search the content of more than 250 web sites
http://www.justfreebooks.info/


List of Online Archives for Free Unabridged Books Online
http://diplomaguide.com/articles/List_of_Online_Archives_for_Free_Unabridged_Books_Online.html

FullBooks.com
Thousands of Full-Text Free Books
http://www.fullbooks.com/

The Burgomeister's Books
Download and enjoy these truly free e-books on loan from my library!
http://www.truly-free.org/

E-books: An electronic reading room
http://www.ulib.iupui.edu/genref/ebooks

Best Places to Get Free Books - The Ultimate Guide
http://www.friedbeef.com/2007/04/09/best-places-to-get-free-books-the-ultimate-guide/

Bookyards: Library to the World
http://www.bookyards.com/

The Online Books Page
http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books/

Page by Page Books: Lots of works you can read online
http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/

Read Print: Read the classics online
http://www.readprint.com/

Bibliomania
Free Online Literature with more than 2000 Classic Texts

http://www.bibliomania.com/bibliomania-static/index.html

eBooks@Adelaide
The University of Adelaide Library’s collection of more than 700 classic works
of Literature, Philosophy, Science, and History

http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/


thefreelibary.com
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/

The Literature Page
Classic books, plays, stories, poems, essays, and speeches online

http://www.literaturepage.com/

The Literature Network
Over 300 full books, 1000 short stories and poems
by over 90 authors, and over 8500 quotes, all searchable

http://www.online-literature.com/

The Internet Public Library
http://www.ipl.org/

Project Gutenberg

The Internet's oldest producer of free electronic books

http://www.gutenberg.net/

Authorama
Public Domain Books

http://www.authorama.com/


The Universal Digital Library
Million Book Collection

http://www.ulib.org/

Rare Book Room
readable rare books

http://www.rarebookroom.org/

BookFinder.com
Compare prices on over 125 million books for sale

http://www.bookfinder.com/

Gadsby
A Story of Over 50,000 Words
Without Using the Letter “E”
by Ernest Vincent Wright

http://www.spinelessbooks.com/gadsby/

Other oddities and works of literary and linguistic interest
http://www.spinelessbooks.com/electronicliterature/index.html

The Project Gutenberg EBook of Robinson Crusoe
In Words of One Syllable
by Mary Godolphin

http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext04/rbcos10.txt
Librivox audio version:
http://librivox.org/robinson-crusoe-in-words-of-one-syllable-by-mary-godolphin/

Aesop's Fables: Online Collection - Selected Fables
http://www.aesopfables.com/aesopsel.html

SearchPoetry.com Poetry Search Engine
http://www.searchpoetry.com/

The Lord's Prayer in many languages
http://www.prayer.su/other/all-languages.html
http://www.prayer.su/other/
Georgian audio text

Logos Wordtheque
Incredible multilingual library of literary texts, some with audio
http://www.wordtheque.com/owa-wt/new_wordtheque.main?lang=en&source=search

Logos Multilingual Children's Library
http://www.wordtheque.com/pls/wordtc/new_wordtheque.main_bimbi?lang=en

Western Yugur Folktales
http://home.arcor.de/marcmarti/yugur/folktale/folktale.htm

Find Articles
Huge collection of articles from many different sources, with search engine
http://www.findarticles.com/

index     home


Linguistics and rhetoric glossaries
More rhetoric glossaries

SIL Glossary of linguistic terms (non-formalist)
http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/index.html
French version
http://www.sil.org/linguistics/glossary_fe/
SIL Mexico glossary
(English/Spanish)
http://www.sil.org/mexico/ling/glosario/E005ai-Glossary.htm

Glossary of linguistics
(.pdf)
by Joost van de Weijer
(6/2/04)
http://www.ling.lu.se/persons/Joost/Texts/glossary.pdf

The Neat Dictionary of Linguistics
(.pdf)
access from: http://www.uni-essen.de/ELE/
Go to: Free downloads/Get linguistics texts

Lexicon of Linguistics
http://w3.u-grenoble3.fr/lebarbe/index.php/Main/Pratiques
http://w3.u-grenoble3.fr/lebarbe/Linguistic_Lexicon/ll_a.html


Lexicon of Linguistics
(formalist)
http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/

An Animated & Narrated Glossary
of Terms Used in Linguistics
Hong Kong Baptist University
http://linguisticglossary.hkbu.edu.hk/

Speech Internet Dictionary
by John Maidment
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/johnm/sid/sidhome.htm

Elly van Gelderen's
Glossary
to A Grammar of English
http://www.public.asu.edu/~gelderen/314text/gloss.htm

Vivian Cook's Linguistic Glossary
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/Linguistics/LinguisticsGlossary.htm

Glossary of Linguistic Terms
by Steve Campsall of www.englishbiz.co.uk
A-M: http://www.englishbiz.co.uk/grammar/main_files/definitionsa-m.htm
N-Z: http://www.englishbiz.co.uk/grammar/main_files/definitionsn-z.htm

The ODLT
The Online Dictionary of Language

http://www.odlt.org/

Catchword Brand Name Development
Glossary of Naming Techniques and Linguistic Concepts

http://www.catch-word.com/glossary.html

The Linguistics Definitions Page
Kickapoo High School (Springfield, Missouri)
http://sps.k12.mo.us/khs/linguistics/lingtrms.htm

Orbis Latini Linguistic Terms
http://www.orbilat.com/General_References/Linguistic_Terms.html

Sprachwissenschaftliche Begriffe
http://www.students.uni-mainz.de/goloa006/sprachwissenschaft.htm

Kleine Wortliste Englisch/Deutsch zur Linguistik und Dialektologie
http://staff-www.uni-marburg.de/~naeser/gloss-ed.htm

Dick Hudson's
Glossary of grammatical terms
for use with the KS3 grammar materials
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/dick/tta/glossary/KS2&3.htm

ODLT: The Online Dictionary of Language Terminology

http://odlt.org/

Bruce D. Despain's
Glossary of terms

http://userpages.burgoyne.com/bdespain/grammar/gramglos.htm

Glossary of English Grammar Terms A-Z
http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary.html

Glossary of Grammatical Terms
http://oldweb.cs.cf.ac.uk/fun/welsh/Glossary.html

French Language Grammar Glossary
http://french.about.com/library/glossary/bl-glossary.htm

German Grammar Glossary
http://german.about.com/library/blgramgloss.htm

John Lawler's
Some grammatical terms and their roots in Latin
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jlawler/wow/grammar.latin.html

Peter Roach's A Little Encyclopaedia of Phonetics
(.pdf)
http://www.personal.rdg.ac.uk/~llsroach/encyc.pdf


Linguistics Glossary: Phonology
http://www.btranslations.com/resources/linguistics/linguisticsglossary/linguisticsglossary.asp

Dictionary of English Phonesthemes
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Studios/9783/phond1.html

A Glossary of Linguistic Terms
Dr Peter Coxhead
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~pxc/nlpa/nlpgloss.html

More rhetoric glossaries

A Glossary of Rhetorical Terms with Examples
http://www.uky.edu/ArtsSciences/Classics/rhetoric.html

The Forest of Rhetoric: silva rhetoricae
A guide to the terms of classical and renaissance rhetoric
by Dr. Gideon Burton of Brigham Young University
http://rhetoric.byu.edu/

VirtualSalt: A Glossary of Literary Terms
http://www.virtualsalt.com/litterms.htm

Rhetorik-Stilistik: Index
http://www.gottwein.de/Stilistik/Stil01.php

Lexique des termes litteraires
http://www.lettres.net/lexique/

Daniel Chandler's Semiotics for Beginners:
Glossary of Key Terms

http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/S4B/sem-gloss.html


e-learning glossary
compiled by Eva Kaplan-Leiserson

http://www.learningcircuits.org/glossary.html

Master list of 1,042 Glossaries for translators
http://www.logos.it/pls/dictionary/linguistic_resources.main?lang=en&source=resources

Translation Glossary with related links
compiled by Wayne Leman

http://www.geocities.com/bible_translation/glossary.htm

German-English Technical Translation
Translation and Interpreting Terminology
English interface: http://www.trans-k.co.uk/glossary.html
German interface: http://www.trans-k.co.uk/glossar.html

John Madsen: Grammatik- og Sprogleksikon
Danish Glossary of grammatical and linguistic terms
http://hjem.tele2adsl.dk/johnmadsen/

index     home


Chinese linguistics glossaries

English-to-Chinese glossary of linguistic terms 英漢語言學術語對照 (in Big5)
These are terms used in mainland China; Taiwan usages may differ
.
linguistics glossary.htm
http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/linguistics%20glossary.htm

ROCLING English-Chinese glossary of linguistics terms (.doc file)
expanded local file (.doc)

黃美金臺灣南島語言學研究的回顧與展望
Includes lots of good Chinese translations of linguistics terms
http://ccs.ncl.edu.tw/Chinese_studies_18_s/18_s_06.pdf

Segmentation principles for Chinese language processing
http://godel.iis.sinica.edu.tw/contest/SegmentationStandard.htm

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies
香港理工大學 中文及雙語學系
English-Chinese linguistics terms
語言學常用詞匯英漢對照表
http://www.cbs.polyu.edu.hk/ctdso/dict/

English-Chinese NLP and computational linguistics glossary
自然語言處理及計算語言學相關術語中英對譯表

http://www.voy.com/165839/1/198.html

A short list of English-Chinese linguistics terms
http://study.tnit.edu.tw/teacher/yjliu/Personal/21DIC/KIND3.TXT

English-to-Chinese glossary of speech therapy terms 言語治療詞彙
Southern Taiwan University of Technology 南台科技大學
local file


index     home

Chinese dictionaries and tools

漢典
http://www.zdic.net/

Theron Stanford's Pinyin tone marking tool
Generates pinyin with tone marks as you type
http://www.geocities.com/shixilun/pinyintextfield.html

Pinyin Tone Tool
Converts numbering in Pinyin Romanization into tone marks
http://toshuo.com/chinese-tools/pinyin-tone-tool/

Pinyin Annotator
Adds phonetic symbols (pinyin) to Chinese text
http://www.longjiang.dreamhosters.com/pinyin/index.php


Pinyin Builder
http://www.language-power.cn/pinyin-builder.html

Pinyin editor
http://www.bemoss.dk/pinyin/

重編國語辭典,修訂本(1994)
ROC Ministry of Education online Mandarin dictionary, revised edition

http://140.111.34.46/newDict/dict/

國語小字典
ROC Ministry of Education online Small Mandarin dictionary

http://140.111.1.43/

國語辭典簡編本 MOE Abridged Mandarin dictionary
http://140.111.34.46/jdict/

異體字字典 MOE Alternate form character dictionary
http://140.111.1.40/

Lingua-China Online Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary

(change letter in URL to go to other pages)
http://www.bodytuneup.net/a.htm

成語典 MOE Chinese four-character idiom dictionary
http://140.111.34.46/chengyu

Dr. Eye 譯典通
http://www.dreye.com:8080/axis/ddict.jsp
http://www.dreye.com.cn:8080/axis/ddict.jsp


http://www.zdic.net/

Chinese Character Dictionary
If you need to use the radical or number of strokes to look up a character
Also: Pinyin, English, Cantonese

http://www.mandarintools.com/chardict.html

花蓮縣國風國中
成語字典 Chinese four-character expression lookup

http://www.gotop.idv.tw/content/word/word0_n.htm

成語詞典 Four-character expression dictionary

(simplified characters
)
http://chengyu.teachercn.com/

新詞語料彙編1
(85年7月∼86年12月) Mandarin neologisms
Mandarin Promotion Commission
http://www.edu.tw/EDU_WEB/EDU_MGT/MANDR/EDU6300001/allbook/newtsz/c18.htm?open

National Institute for Compilation and Translation 國立編譯館
Dictionary of Scholarly Terms 學術名詞資訊網

http://www.nict.gov.tw/tc/dic/index1.php

Yahoo Kimo English-Chinese dictionary
http://tw.dictionary.yahoo.com/

Word dictionary basic 簡單詞典
Search by Chinese, Pinyin or English Definition
http://www.xuezhongwen.net/chindict/chindict.php

YellowBridge Chinese-English Learner's Dictionary
http://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/chinese-dictionary.php

Yuan Liou online English-Chinese dictionary 遠流字典通
http://140.128.159.78/yldict/list.asp

DrEye.com 譯典通 English-Chinese dictionary
http://www.dreye.com/tw/

Online Chinese-English dictionaries
includes radical index, Hakka, Cantonese, more

http://www.chinalanguage.com/dictionaries/ccdict/

Collection of online Chinese-English dictionaries
http://www.zhongwen.com/

Lin Yu-tang's Chinese Dictionary

http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Lindict/

Online Chinese/English Translation Dictionary
http://cdict.giga.net.tw/index.php


English-Chinese/Chinese-English dictionary
英漢/漢英線上電子字典
http://www.ee.tku.edu.tw/%7Erexchen/cdict/cdict.html

English-Chinese dictionary

http://www.ok88.com/go/svc/ecdict.html

Chinese-English online dictionary
http://www.tigernt.com/cedict.shtml
English-Chinese online dictionary
http://www.tigernt.com/cgi-bin/ecdict.cgi

Pristine Communications online Chinese-English dictionary
http://www.pristine.com.tw/resources/lexicon.php

PlecoDict for Palmtops
http://www.pleco.com/

KEY 2008:
Teaching and learning tool for Chinese on PC and Mac
http://www.cjkware.com/

EnglishMalay + Chinese dictionary
http://search.cari.com.my/dictionary/

Chinese-German dictionary
http://www.chinalink.de/sprache/dict_index.html


Taiwanese Letters (Characters) and Dictionaries
台灣話 ee 漢字 kab 拼字
http://www.edutech.org.tw/dict/Sutiern0.htm


台華線頂辭典 Taiwanese-Mandarin Dictionary
http://203.64.42.21/iug/Ungian/soannteng/chil/Taihoa.asp


台語線頂字典 Online Taiwanese Dictionary
http://203.64.42.21/TG/jitian/tgjt.asp

Online Hakka Dictionary
http://www.chinalanguage.com/dictionaries/hakka/

S. L. Wong's
A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced according to the Dialect of Canton

http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Canton/

A Chinese Talking Syllabary of the Cantonese Dialect
An Electronic Repository (with character indices)
http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/Canton2/

粵語審音配詞字庫
Chinese Character Database:

With Word-formations Phonologically Disambiguated
According to the Cantonese Dialect

http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-can/

index     home


Chinese

The Linguistic Society of Taiwan 台灣語言
http://linguist.tw/
學會秘書何慧君小姐: language@gate.sinica.edu.tw

Marjorie Chan's Chinese language and linguistics links

http://chinalinks.osu.edu/


Jim Becker's Chinese Links
http://www.uni.edu/becker/chinese2.html

Chinese NLP Pages
http://www.chinesecomputing.com/nlp/

華語橋論壇: 全球華語地區詞工程網站
Website devoted to compiling a new Chinese dictionary
including terms from all parts of the Chinese-speaking world

Features online articles from《
文建設通訊》

http://www.huayuqiao.org/

法律語言學習与研究/Study in Language of Law
(linguistics links)
http://www.beschool.net/dujinbang/linguistics.htm

Chinese Language Teachers Association
http://clta-us.org/

Journal of Chinese Linguistics
http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~jcl2/

中國語文
http://ling.cass.cn/zhongguoyuwen/index-1.htm

Basic Chinese Grammar
by Richard VanNess Simmons
http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~rsimmon/chingram/

Chinese grammar index
http://www.ctcfl.ox.ac.uk/Chinese/grammarlist.htm

TheLanguageExpert.com
The 12 Golden Rules of Mastering Chinese
Free five-day e-mail lessons
http://www.thelanguageexpert.com/

經典 Chinese classics online
http://www.cnd.org/Classics/

University of Virginia Chinese Text Initiative
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/chinese/index.html

國家圖書館古籍文獻資訊網 National Central Library
Photocopied texts of rare books
http://rarebook.ncl.edu.tw/rbookod/

詩路 Chinese poetry online
(requires MS IE)
http://www.poem.com.tw/index.htm

金庸全集 Jin Yong's warrior novels online (GB)
http://www.louisville.edu/journal/weiming/wuxia/index.html

Wei Ming Magazine:
Modern Chinese short stories (GB)
http://www.louisville.edu/journal/weiming/magazine.html

官場的万用發言稿
(an all-purpose official statement in Chinese)
http://www.cnrencai.com/yanjiang/huiyi/6642.html

國立故宮博物院 National Palace Museum
http://www.npm.gov.tw/

漢代墓葬與文化 Han Dynasty Tombs and Culture
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/~hantomb/index3.html

A Regional Directory of Taiwan
http://tw.d-i-s-c-o-v-e-r.com

Today in Taipei
http://www.taiwanfun.com/north/taipei/index.htm

All about Orchid Island
http://www.sinica.edu.tw/~tibe/1-culture/lanyu/index.html

index     home


General reference

freesearch
A free UK based search destination, with the best of
Web Search, Picture Search and an Online Dictionary.

http://www.freesearch.co.uk/

* Martindale's * The Reference Desk * Home page

(find absolutely anything here!)

http://www.martindalecenter.com/

Redlightgreen:
Find the book you're after
http://www.redlightgreen.com/

Welcome to wikiHow
a collaborative writing project to build the world's largest, highest quality how-to manual
http://www.wikihow.com/Main-Page

MERLOT: Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching
Incredible collections of links to all sorts of learning resources
in the arts, business, education, the humanities, mathematics,
science and technology, and the social sciences

http://www.merlot.org/Home.po

Camera Obscura's meta-index of academic and scholarly resources
    http://www.hicom.net/~oedipus/etext.html#index

Google for Educators
http://www.google.com/educators/index.html

Plagiarism Checker
http://www.plagiarismchecker.com/

     U. S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

http://www.archives.gov/research_room/index.html

Encyclopedia Mythica

http://www.pantheon.org/

Symbols.com
http://www.symbols.com/index/wordindex-a.html

Finding Images Online
http://www.berinsteinresearch.com/fiolinks.htm

The Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection
http://libweb.uoregon.edu/catdept/digcol/ulmann/index.html

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics
The Web's most extensive math resource
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/

Unit of measurement converter
http://www.unitsconverter.net/

Cooking conversion calculator
http://sodium.exploratorium.edu/as/cooking/convert/conversion.html

Calculate duration between two dates
http://www.timeanddate.com/date/duration.html


Best Fish Guide
http://www.forestandbird.org.nz/bestfishguide/index.asp


Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages
http://www-ang.kfunigraz.ac.at/~katzer/engl/

MayoClinic.com
http://www.mayoclinic.com/


The Merck Manual
Medical information

http://www.merck.com/mrkshared/mmanual_home2/home.jsp

Medi-lexicon
A dictionary of over 165,000 medical, pharmaceutical,
biomedical & healthcare acronyms and abbreviations

http://www.pharma-lexicon.com/

The Encyclopedia of Life
http://www.eol.org/home.html

Whatever happened to polio?
http://americanhistory.si.edu/polio/americanepi/index.htm


nature.com
http://www.nature.com/

Native Plant Information Network
http://www.wildflower2.org/

vPlants: a Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region
http://www.vplants.org/

植物名稱出處查詢系統
Online index of Chinese plant names

http://163.21.34.20/small/select/TestSel.asp

The Data and Story Library
For statistics

http://lib.stat.cmu.edu/DASL/

del.icio.us: Hot links
http://del.icio.us/

Internet abbreviations and country extensions
http://www.newbie.org/reference/spellb__.html

Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
(with audio files)
http://www.music.vt.edu/musicdictionary/

Internet country codes
http://www.aresearchguide.com/countrycode1.html

Solving the riddle of international electricity
http://www.walkabouttravelgear.com/wwelect.htm

Michael Horowitz: Examples of Links That Lie
http://www.michaelhorowitz.com/linksthatlie.html

Random.org: List Randomizer
Good for mixing up items for tests. This form allows you to arrange the items
of a list in random order. The randomness comes from atmospheric noise,
which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms
typically used in computer programs.

http://www.random.org/lists/

index     home

Media

Inttranews
Links to language-related media reports

http://inttranews.inttra.net/cgi-bin/news.cgi?action=aff

Lingformant: The Science of Linguistics in the News
Hand-picked news stories related to the science of linguistics

http://lingformant.vertebratesilence.com/index.php

Language and linguistics in the news
(archives only)
Media links to language-related media reports
maintained by the University of Aberdeen

http://www.abdn.ac.uk/langling/resources/news.html

Phi Sigma Iota's Language in the News
(archives only)
http://www.phisigmaiota.org/language_news.htm

What languages do US politicians speak?
http://thehill.com/q/q-what-languages-do-you-speak-2006-03-22.html
http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/004699.html

NYT September 30, 2004: Op-ed: Changing places (AAVE goes mainstream)

MPR August 8, 2004: The n-word

Washington Post August 2, 2004: Spanish-Language Network Telemundo Coaches Actors to Use Mexican Dialect

Los Angeles Times July 11, 2004: Eccentric linguist left behind priceless hoard of native history

MotherJones.com July/August 2004: 82-year-old linguist, young protege among last speakers of native California language

People's Daily Online 6/23/04: To some in China, a Canadian Is the West

Washington Post May. 23, 2004: Bill Cosby on civil rights (audio)

MPR May 20, 2004: A written language for Anyi (Ivory Coast)

The Age (Australia) April 23, 2004: Technology marches ahead, grammar gets worse

Scientific American April 2004: Paul Kay on Color and Language

NYT March 4, 2004: At an Old Monastary, Old Texts Gain New Life

NYT February 24, 2004: Watch your languages; they're ancient

New Scientist: For Want of a Word - recording dying Amazonian languages

Edge: Language, Biology and the Mind: A talk with Gary Marcus (with video)

NPR February 23, 2004: Linguistics on the Playground

New Scientist February 16, 2004: Half of all languages face extinction this century

BBC February 7, 2004: Excess Baggage: Lost Languages

Lingua Franca January 24, 2004: Aboriginal Languages: Why The Struggle To Keep Them Alive?

The Economist January 8, 2004: David Gil on Riau and language differences

New York Times January 3, 2004: Just Like, Er, Words, Not, Um, Throwaways

NYT: Unbleeped Bleep Words Spread on Network TV

NYT: In Simple Pronouns, Clues to Shifting Latino Identity

AP: Romanian Law Bans English in Public

New York Times (NYT): Foreign Accent Syndrome

NYT: Review of Steven Pinker's The Blank Slate

BBC: Is the popularity of English killing diversity?


NYT: The deeper meaning of babbling

NYT: Internet English


BBC: Back from the dead: Revived Cornish

NYT: Verlan: Backward Runs French. Reels the Mind

NYT: Speech recognition follies


BBC: Language gene
follow-up

NYT: Shortage of ESL Teachers


TIME: A War of Words Over 'Singlish' direct link

National Public Radio: Endangered Languages Audio interview

index     home


Books on tape
with notes and recommendations
books on tape.htm
http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~karchung/books%20on%20tape.htm

index     home



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