6. Reviewing Chapter 7: Place and Manner of Articulation

     Again, the first place to go to review the material in chapter 7 of Ladefoged, Place and Manner of Articulation, is Ladefoged's own site:


    Go through the various sound files here for the more unusual sounds, such as bilabial fricatives (Ewe), retroflexes (Malayalam, Polish), uvular stops (the upside-down 'y' is a palatal /l/), uvular fricatives (French), voiceless and voiced lateral fricatives, and velar laterals [L] (Zulu). Finally, you can hear, as with the previous chapter, sound files of the performance exercises.

Lately, various Arabic words and names have been in the news. The 'q' used in English transliterations of Arabic is a voiceless uvular stop, just as you would expect, based on the IPA symbol. So now you know how to correctly pronounce burqa (the head-to-toe garment worn by Muslim women in Afghanistan; 'r' is trilled in Arabic) and al Qaeda ('the base').

     Here from the University of Victoria in Canada is a site with impressive videos and sound files of a pharyngeal stop, a voiceless pharyngeal trill, and a voiced pharyngeal trill. (There are lots of other interesting pages at this site to try out while you're at it!)


     A fun way to listen to real-life samples of just about any language imaginable is Internet radio. The BBC, for example, has a Pashto (one of the major languages of Afghanistan, closely related to Persian or Farsi) language service. And if you're looking for a language exchange or a native speaker of almost any language, Livemocha.com is hard to beat.

Next: Having trouble producing an alveolar trill? Go on to Trills again íV and /r/

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