Theories and Practice of National  Development

Courses of Graduate Institute of National Development

National Taiwan University

Associate Professor: Chou, Kuei-Tien                                                                        Discussion Forum                     Assignment Submission

Assistant Professor: Den, Chi-Song



Course Description:

         The core subject of debate of this course is - how states / societies can accelerate the process of development? For developing countries, what they concern are how to derive experiences from developed western countries and is there any other more effective ways to improve development. For developed countries, what they concern are how to maintain development, how to face the challenges from emerging countries, and how to sustain competitiveness. Without a doubt, some countries deal these issues successfully than others. This course intends to explain the reasons of success and failure non only on the economic facet but also from other perspectives.

        Simple speaking, the sequence of ideas of development research are as follows:

1. What kind of role the state is in development process? At which scope should the state get involved in market operation? What is the scope of the 

     space of self-decide in the market should be allowed?

2. The state should be internationalized in order to blend into global markets or be independent and self-reliant?  How to compromise between

    dependence and independence?

3. How to concede among economic values and other values? How to weight the significance of economic development and other values?

4. How to mediate the conflicts between stability and progress? How to select from the values of democracy, the rule of law, freedom, human rights,

    order, harmony, and unity?

        These questions are all not easy to answer. Various answers generated by different scholars and indeed, the the diversity of answers is broad. The reasons deserve in-depth discussions.

        At the outset of this course, western developmental experiences are introduced. Then, the possibility of transparenting  western experiences to eastern developing countries are discussed. Other theories will be presented are modernity theory, socialism development model (Central Planning, ECLA model, and dependence theory. We will also study East-Asia model, which is considered more successful apparently; and the breakdown and transformation of communist regimes. Finally, our focus would be on explaining how globalization influence traditional development and how do we challenge the changes.


Teaching Methods and  Requirements:

Evaluation Standards:

Internet-posted assignments, discussions, and on-class performance   50%

Final Report (the 7th day after classes end is the deadline)                  50%


Course website:

Format of assignments:

Format of citation: course/17052d/Basic/report_format.doc



Rist, Gilbert (2002) The History of Development: from Western Origins to Global  Faith. London and New York: Zed Books.

Preston, P.W. (1996) Development Theory. Oxford: Blackwell,

Hunt, Diana (1989) Economic Theories of Development: An Analysis of Competing Paradigms. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.


Week                Topics and Supplementary Materials

I. Meanings and Specialties of National Development                                                                                                                              


    Week 1        Introduction and Job Assignments


    Week 2         Meaning of Development

                          Rist, Gilbert (2002) Ch.1 Definitions of Development, The History of Development: from Western Origins to Global

                                  Faith. London and New York: Zed Books, pp.8-25.

                          Ted Trainer (2000) What does development mean? A rejection of  the unidimensional conception, The International

                                  Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol.20 Issue 5/6, pp.95-113.


II. Ideologies and Macro strategy of National Development                                                                                                                       


     Week 3         State, Ruling elites, Ideologies, and Development Strategies

                           Leeson, P.F. and F.I.Nixson Ch2 Development economics and the state,  in Perspectives on Development, edited by

                                   Leeson and Minogue, Manchester University Press.


     Week 4         Origin of Freedomism: Adam Smith and Influences

                           Preston, P.W.(1996) Ch3 Adam Smith and the Spontaneous Order of the Marketplace, in Development Theory. Oxford:

                                   Blackwell,1996, Capitalism, Encyclopedia   維基自由科




     Week 5          Origin of Socialism: Carl Marx and Influences

                            Preston, P.W.(1996) Ch4 Marx and the Dialectics of Historical Change,in Development Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.

                                    Socialism, Encyclopedia  維基自由


II. Economy as the Essential Aim of Development: How to debarrass poverty and embrace speedy modernization?                          


     Week 6          Dictates of Post-war Democratic Blocs: Theories of Modernization

                            Gilbert Rist (2002) Ch6 Modernization Poised between History and Prohecy, in The History of Development: from

                                    Western Origins to Global Faith. London and New York: Zed Books, pp.93-108.


     Week 7           Development Modes of Socialism Countries: Planned Economy

                             Dowlah, Abu F. (1992) Theoretical Expositions of Centralized Versus Decentralized Strands of Socialist Economic

                                     Systems, International Journal of Social Economics,Vol. 19, Iss.7,8,9,  pp.210-259.


     Week 8           Independency: ECLA Project and Dependency Theory

                             Hunt, Diana (1989) Ch5 The Structuralist paradigm, in Economic Theories of Development: An Analysis of

                                     Competing Paradigms. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

                             Jorge Larrain (1989) Ch3 Late Capitalism: Modernization and the Economic commission for Latin America, in Theories

                                     of Development, Polity Press.

                             Jorge Larrain (1989) Ch4 Dependency, Unequal Exchange and Underdevelopment, in Theories of Development, Polity


                             Jorge Larrain (1989) Ch5 Dependency, Industrialization and Development, in Theories of Development, Polity Press.


     Week 9           The East Asian Development Mode

                             Akyüz, Yilmaz, Ha-Joon Chang and Richard Kozul-wright (1999) New Perspectives on East Asian Development, in

                                     East Asian Development, edited by Yilmaz Akyüz, London: Frank Cass, pp.4-77.

                             Paul Burkett and Martin Hart-Landsberg (1998) East Asia and the crisis of development theory, Journal of

                                     Contemporary Asia, Volume: 28 Issue: 4, pp.435-456.





IV. State and Governance: What's the roles of the Government?                                                                                                                     

      Week 10        Developmental Countries

                             Amiya Kumar BagchiThe Past and the Future of the Developmental State,” Journal Of  World-Systems Research, Vi,

                                     2, Summer/Fall 2000, 398-442.

      Week 11        The Validity of Government Involvement and Political and Economic Development

                              Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Peter B. Evans (1985) The State and Economic Transformation: Toward an Analysis of the

                                      Conditions Underlying Effective Intervention, in Peter B. Evans (ed.), Bring the State Back in, Cambridge

                                      University Press, pp.44-77.


      Week 12         Reconstruction of the State and Good Governance

                              Martin Minogue (2002) Ch7 Power to the People? Good Governance and the Reshaping of the state, in Development

                                       Theory and Practice, edited by Uma Kothari and Martin Minogue, London: Palgrave, pp.117-35.

                               Terrence C Casey (1998) Economic policy, institutions and economic growth in an Era of globalization, The Journal of

                                       Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Volume: 23 Issue: 4,pp.379-432.


V. Functions and Limitations of Market: To which extend can markets operated with autonomy?                                                      


      Week 14         Neo-freedomism and Market Machaneismm

                              Hunt, Diana (1989) Ch10 The neo-classical paradigm and its role in development economics in Economic Theories of 

                                      Development: An Analysis of Competing Paradigms. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

                              James E Cronin. Convergence by conviction: Politics and economics in the emergence of the Anglo-American model,

                                      Journal of Social History, Summer 2000. Vol. 33, Iss. 4;  pg. 781, 24 pgs.

  Week 15         Practical Experiences and Rethinking of Neo-freedomism

                              Onis, Ziya (1995) The limits of neoliberalism: Toward a reformulation of development, Journal of Economic Issues;

                                       Volume: 29 Issue: 1, Start Page: 97.比較東亞、歐、義經驗,指出市場無法獨立運作。

                              Donald G. Richards, "The Political Economy of Neo-liberal Reform in Latin America:A Critical Appraisal," CAPITAL and

                                       CLASS: SPRING, 1997

                              John Sheahan, "Effects of Liberalization Programs on Poverty and Inequality: Chile, Mexico, and Peru," Latin

                                        American Research Review, July, 1997

                              Pettis, Michael (1996) The liquidity trap: Latin America's free-market past, Foreign Affairs.. Vol. 75, Iss. 6,pp. 2-7.

                              Mian Roxborough (1992) "Neo-liberalism in Latin America: Limits and Alternatives," Third World Quarterly, Vol. 13                                       Issue 3, pp.421-41.


VI. Reflections on Development Strategies                                                                                                                                              


      Week 16        Conclusion: Alternative Deliberation of Development

                             Gilbert Rist (2002) “Ch.12 The Postmodern Illusion: Globalization as Simulacrum of Development,” in The History of

                                      Development: from Western Origins to Global Faith, London and New York: Zed Books, pp.211-237.




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