A Moment of Science (II)
For each of
the following two exercises, (1) read the vocabulary and questions, (2) link
and listen to the audio file, and (3) answer the questions.
(1) Take a Hike and Improve Your Memory
twist: something new
Well, how do you like that?
fund drive: an activity to raise money for a good cause
University of Illinois
spending much of your time sitting down
to work up to the point where
"executive control processes"
warranted: called for, appropriate
to impair: to weaken, harm
the aging process
literally: in reality
to give something a boost: to improve
1. Volunteers in an experiment on the benefits of taking walks improved how?
2. What characteristics did the volunteer participants have in common?
3. How much were the volunteers walking eventually?
4. Give some examples of 'executive control processes'.
5. Why were these processes examined in this experiment?
6. In what way did walking make the participants 'younger'?
(2) Laughter is a Social Signal?
to guess, expect
career: long-term job
pretty well: more or less
to quash: to suppress
stand-up comedy: telling jokes on stage
What on earth...?
social signal, situation, function
as opposed to
to spare s.o.'s feelings: prevent s.o. from feeling hurt
a good deal: a lot
to elicit: get, obtain, draw out
power dynamics: the power relationship between people
that seems to be the case: this seems to be true
to be laughed at, laughed with
to explain the life out of s.t.: to explain s.t.so clearly that it's no longer fun
1. Why was Don thinking about a career in comedy?
2. What alternative explanation did Yael give for what Don had noticed?
3. Research has found that less than 20% of laughter responses are actually only what?
4. What is the purpose of 'polite' laughter?
5. Who laughs more often, and who gets more laughter responses?
6. Laughter may be a signal of what?