研討日期

20161112日上午12:00~ 13:10

研討地點

台大社會科學院710討論室

主講題目

Compulsory licensing, price controls, and access to patented

foreign products

作者

Eric W. Bond and Kamal Saggi

文獻出處

Journal of Development Economics 109 (2014) 217–228

主講人

張博涵

參加人員

曹古駒、張博涵、王光正、林燕淑、施全、高國峯、梁文榮、黃鴻、ByeongHwa Choi、詹銘葦、陳怡妏、郭紫瑩

摘要

We analyze how a price control and the threat of compulsory licensing (CL) affect consumer access in a developing country (South) to a patented foreign product. In the model, the Southern government sets the level of the price control on a Northern patent-holder who chooses between entry and voluntary licensing (VL). While entry incurs a higher fixed cost, licensed production is of lower quality. If the patent-holder does not work its patent locally, the South is free to use CL. The threat of CL: ensures that consumers have access to (a lower quality version of) the patented good when the patent-holder chooses not to work its patent locally; improves the terms at which VL occurs; can cause the patent-holder to switch from VL to entry; and can delay consumer access when CL replaces VL or entry. We also show that a price control and CL are mutually reinforcing instruments.