研討日期

201232410:30 ~ 13:00

研討地點

台大社會科學院26教室

討論題目

題目

作者

文獻出處

Social comparisons and the firm’s profits:

An advantage of rewarding equal workers unequally

Oded Stark

Agnieszka Dorn

Yong Wang

Working paper

報告人

Yong Wang

參加人員

汪勇、黃鴻、梁文榮、陳宏易、吳芝文、王光正、林燕淑、彭正浩、高國峯、鍾暳陵、林晏如、陳金盛、曾靜枝、王佳琪、丁虹仁、吳宜謙、周冰瑤、蔡明芳、張志瑋、呂得成、吳定軒、徐靖、施姵全

摘要

This paper analyzes the impact of social comparisons on a firm’s  profits and an optimal incentive structure. When workers are equally productive, the differences in how they are treated can arise from a firm’s profit-maximizing decisions rather than from differences in  workers’ productivity or employers’ preferences. When a worker derives (dis)utility not only from the amount of effort he puts in but also from comparing  his earnings unfavorably with those of his  coworkers, his response to his sense of “relative deprivation” is to  increase his level of effort. In the presence of such social comparisons, the firm can increase its profits by offering different contracts to equally productive workers.